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Type of opioid dependence among patients seeking opioid substitution treatment: Are there differences in background and severity of problems?
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. County Hospital Ryhov, Department of Dependency, Psychiatric Clinic, Jönköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1749-4727
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7341-945X
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8158-0486
2016 (English)In: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, ISSN 1747-597X, E-ISSN 1747-597X, Vol. 11, no 1, 1-8 p., 23Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Background: The study explores differences and similarities in background and problem severity among those seeking Opioid Substitution Treatment (OST), comparing those who primarily had misused "opiates", e.g. heroin, morphine and opium, with those who primarily had misused other opioids.

Methods: Patients (n=127) assessed for possible admittance in OST are compared based on the Addiction Severity Index. Two groups based on primary type of opioid misused are compared (opiates vs. other opioids).

Results: In the global severity ratings there were no significant differences between the groups other than tautological artefacts concerning heroin. There were few specific differences between the groups. The opiate group more often had Hepatitis C and more often had legal problems related to financing their misuse. Injection of drugs was the main method of administration in both groups, i.e. 90 % for mostly opiates vs. 75 % for mostly other opioids. A great majority in both groups, 96 % vs. 91 %, had misused most other types of drugs. Both groups were found to have severe problems in all areas investigated.

Conclusions: The study demonstrates great similarities in problem severity among those seeking OST, both those who primarily had misused opiates and those who primarily had misused other opioids.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 11, no 1, 1-8 p., 23
Keyword [en]
Opiates, Opioid Substitution Treatment, Opioid-related disorders, Opioids
National Category
Substance Abuse
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31175DOI: 10.1186/s13011-016-0066-1ISI: 000379329800001PubMedID: 27401680ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84979655919OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-31175DiVA: diva2:951213
Funder
Futurum - Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Sweden, FUTURUM-342201
Available from: 2016-08-08 Created: 2016-08-08 Last updated: 2016-08-08Bibliographically approved

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Monwell, BodilBülow, PiaGerdner, Arne
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