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Indications of pressure flaking more than 70 thousand years ago at Umhlatuzana rock shelter
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. University of Johannesburg, South Africa ; Stellenbosch University, South Africa. (Arkeologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8747-4131
University of Johannesburg, South Africa ; Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
2016 (English)In: South African Archaeological Bulletin, ISSN 0038-1969, E-ISSN 2224-4654, Vol. 71, no 203, p. 53-59Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

With this short contribution, we present our first observations about the application of pressure flaking at Umhlatuzana Rock Shelter more than 70 000 years ago (70 ka). Presently, only three other Middle Stone Age sites have produced evidence of this knapping strategy at such deep time. Identifying more sites, such as Umhlatuzana, with evidence of Middle Stone Age pressure flaking demonstrates that knappers possessed know-how of the technique, enabling them to apply it when useful or necessary, and on a range of raw materials. Our findings indicate at least three applications of pressure flaking in the production of Still Bay and serrated points at Umhlatuzana. These applications seem to include the final shaping of Still Bay points, the deliberate flaking of serrated edges, and the thinning of point preforms. The points from Umhlatuzana currently represent the most extensive indication of pressure flaking as a well-developed part of the Middle Stone Age knapping repertoire.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The South Africa Archaeological Society , 2016. Vol. 71, no 203, p. 53-59
Keyword [en]
Umhlatuzana, pressure flaking, Still Bay, serrated points, Middle Stone Age
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Humanities, Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-55122ISI: 000387530000008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-55122DiVA, id: diva2:950912
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2014-2100
Available from: 2016-08-03 Created: 2016-08-03 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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