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Like a wave: Understanding the film and TV industries in Korea and Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography. (Culture, Creativity and Economy)
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This doctoral dissertation is concerned with the complex dynamics of knowledge in the South Korean film and TV industry and Swedish filmmaking from a spatiotemporal perspective. The film and TV industries are highly dependent on knowledge and innovation. Production in the film and TV industries usually takes place in the form of projects in which creative professionals form teams for a limited time period to complete creative tasks. Moreover, the film and TV industries are facing rapid and constant changes to work practices, technology, markets and demand. Therefore, the dynamics of knowledge and interactive learning can be an important source of competitive advantages and project success in the film and TV industries. 

The aim of this thesis is to enhance understanding of knowledge creation and diffusion processes, relationships with institutional settings and the systematic character of business in the film and TV industries. The focus of this thesis is on the production value chain in which many independent production firms are active. It is argued that 1) the film and TV industries and their institutional environments co-evolve; and 2) project-specific knowledge sourcing takes places through local-extra local linkages.

The case of the Korean film and TV industry indicates that its evolution strongly depends on the setting of the respective institutions and regulations, and on the institutional environments. In addition, it is argued that diverse actors, factors and sectors are involved in the emergence and development of the Korean film and TV industry. The Swedish filmmaking case study examines production processes and ecologies and argues that production managers are the key players in them, and their roles – investigator, bridge builder and gatekeeper – in knowledge creation and diffusion processes are central to this part of the production of film and TV. Exploring two case studies with a focus on the key (f)actors of knowledge creation and diffusion processes has resulted in the view that knowledge-based competencies can be an important source of competitive advantage and project success in high-velocity environments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. , 67 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 129
Keyword [en]
knowledge creation and diffusion, film and TV industries, South Korea, Sweden, creative industries
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300017ISBN: 978-91-554-9634-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-300017DiVA: diva2:950661
Public defence
2016-09-21, Museum Gustavianum, Akademigatan 3, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 220 216 900 300
Available from: 2016-08-31 Created: 2016-08-01 Last updated: 2016-09-05
List of papers
1. Creative industries from an evolutionary perspective: A critical literature review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creative industries from an evolutionary perspective: A critical literature review
2014 (English)In: Geography Compass, ISSN 1749-8198, Vol. 8, no 9, 653-664 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keyword
creative industries, co-evolution, evolutionary economic geography
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240166 (URN)10.1111/gec3.12156 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-01-06 Created: 2015-01-06 Last updated: 2016-08-26Bibliographically approved
2. Creative Cluster Evolution: The case of the film and TV industries in Seoul, South Korea
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creative Cluster Evolution: The case of the film and TV industries in Seoul, South Korea
2015 (English)In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 23, no 10, 1993-2008 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Can the concept of co-evolution help to analyse and explain the dynamics of creative industries? This article tackles the question by investigating the film and TV cluster in Seoul, South Korea. The analysis of the 35 semi-structured interviews confirms the dynamics of the film and TV industries in Korea. First, Hallyu began with the export of Korean TV drama series across East Asia. The state deregulation and neo-liberal reforms during the 1990s in Korea boosted an explosion of the export of the Korean film and TV industry. Second, the core of the film and TV production is concentrated within Seoul, while dispersion of those industries occurred in Gyeong-gi province. Third, from an institutional perspective, tensions between the central government and the film and TV industry can be observed, which have been intensifying since 2006. This paper concludes that particularly co-evolution could potentially be an important concept to explain and analyse dynamics in creative industries.

Keyword
Creative industries, Hallyu, Korean wave
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240167 (URN)10.1080/09654313.2014.946645 (DOI)000369395400005 ()
Conference
Regional Studies Association European Conference 5 - 8 May 2013, Tampere, Finland
Projects
Cluster Life Cycles project (supported by the German Research Foundation)
Funder
EU, European Research CouncilGerman Research Foundation (DFG)
Available from: 2015-01-06 Created: 2015-01-06 Last updated: 2016-08-26Bibliographically approved
3. Local buzz, global pipelines and Hallyu: the case of the film and TV industry in South Korea
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Local buzz, global pipelines and Hallyu: the case of the film and TV industry in South Korea
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

While the local buzz and global pipeline approach has provided a useful account of knowledge creation and diffusion in creative industries, little attention has been paid to the complex dynamics of knowledge flows through time and space. This article examines how the dynamics of local buzz and global pipelines supported Hallyu (translated into English as the Korean Wave, which refers to the increased popularity of South Korean cultural goods outside of Korea) by analyzing the Korean film and TV industry. It is argued that changes in extra-local knowledge linkages offer opportunities for the expansion of the industry, both in domestic and international markets. The main findings indicate that not only the dynamics of local buzz and global pipelines reconfigured Hallyu, but also public support policies, private sector’s exertion and increased demand in the global market promoted Hallyu.

Keyword
local buzz, global pipelines, Hallyu, Korean Wave, Korean Film and TV industry
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300012 (URN)
Projects
Cluster life cycles
Available from: 2016-08-01 Created: 2016-08-01 Last updated: 2016-08-26Bibliographically approved
4. Investigating the multiple roles of production managers in the case of Swedish filmmaking
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating the multiple roles of production managers in the case of Swedish filmmaking
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the key players and their roles in the network ecology of the Swedish film production. The analysis of the semi-structured interviews and filming site observations highlight the multiple functions of production managers in the case of Swedish filmmaking. First, managers function as investigator of screening trends, fashion and fads. Second, mangers have a bridge builder function building global pipelines in order to find co-production partners. Third, managers have a gatekeeper function as they direct external knowledge sourcing, integrating and diffusing. 

Keyword
iSwedish filmmaking, production managers, investigator, bridge builder, gatekeeper
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300015 (URN)
Projects
Culture, Creativity and Economy
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 220 216 900 300
Available from: 2016-08-01 Created: 2016-08-01 Last updated: 2016-08-26Bibliographically approved

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