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The Tanita SC-240 to Assess Body Composition in Pre-School Children: An Evaluation against the Three Component Model
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. PROmoting FITness and Health Phys Actv Research Grp PROFIT, Spain.
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Nutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, E-ISSN 2072-6643, Vol. 8, no 6, 371- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Text
Abstract [en]

Quick, easy-to-use, and valid body composition measurement options for young children are needed. Therefore, we evaluated the ability of the bioelectrical impedance (BIA) device, Tanita SC-240, to measure fat mass (FM), fat free mass (FFM) and body fatness (BF%) in 40 healthy, Swedish 5.5 years old children against the three component model (3C model). Average BF%, FM, and FFM for BIA were: 19.4% +/- 3.9%, 4.1 +/- 1.9 kg, and 16.4 +/- 2.4 kg and were all significantly different (p amp;lt; 0.001) from corresponding values for the 3C model (25.1% +/- 5.5%, 5.3 +/- 2.5 kg, and 15.2 +/- 2.0 kg). Bland and Altman plots had wide limits of agreement for all body composition variables. Significant correlations ranging from 0.81 to 0.96 (p amp;lt; 0.001) were found for BF%, FM, and FFM between BIA and the 3C model. When dividing the children into tertiles for BF%, 60% of children were classified correctly by means of BIA. In conclusion, the Tanita SC-240 underestimated BF% in comparison to the 3C model and had wide limits of agreement. Further work is needed in order to find accurate and easy-to-use methods for assessing body composition in pre-school children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG , 2016. Vol. 8, no 6, 371- p.
Keyword [en]
Tanita SC-240; bioelectrical impedance; three component model; pre-school
National Category
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-130293DOI: 10.3390/nu8060371ISI: 000378783200056PubMedID: 27322313OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-130293DiVA: diva2:950574
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [2012-2883]; Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare [2012-0906]; Bo and Vera Axson Johnsons Foundation; Karolinska Institutet; Swedish Nutrition Foundation; Henning and Johan Throne-Holst Foundation

Available from: 2016-08-01 Created: 2016-07-28 Last updated: 2017-11-28

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