The Tanita SC-240 to Assess Body Composition in Pre-School Children: An Evaluation against the Three Component Model
2016 (English)In: Nutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, E-ISSN 2072-6643, Vol. 8, no 6, 371- p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Quick, easy-to-use, and valid body composition measurement options for young children are needed. Therefore, we evaluated the ability of the bioelectrical impedance (BIA) device, Tanita SC-240, to measure fat mass (FM), fat free mass (FFM) and body fatness (BF%) in 40 healthy, Swedish 5.5 years old children against the three component model (3C model). Average BF%, FM, and FFM for BIA were: 19.4% +/- 3.9%, 4.1 +/- 1.9 kg, and 16.4 +/- 2.4 kg and were all significantly different (p amp;lt; 0.001) from corresponding values for the 3C model (25.1% +/- 5.5%, 5.3 +/- 2.5 kg, and 15.2 +/- 2.0 kg). Bland and Altman plots had wide limits of agreement for all body composition variables. Significant correlations ranging from 0.81 to 0.96 (p amp;lt; 0.001) were found for BF%, FM, and FFM between BIA and the 3C model. When dividing the children into tertiles for BF%, 60% of children were classified correctly by means of BIA. In conclusion, the Tanita SC-240 underestimated BF% in comparison to the 3C model and had wide limits of agreement. Further work is needed in order to find accurate and easy-to-use methods for assessing body composition in pre-school children.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG , 2016. Vol. 8, no 6, 371- p.
Tanita SC-240; bioelectrical impedance; three component model; pre-school
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-130293DOI: 10.3390/nu8060371ISI: 000378783200056PubMedID: 27322313OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-130293DiVA: diva2:950574
Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [2012-2883]; Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare [2012-0906]; Bo and Vera Axson Johnsons Foundation; Karolinska Institutet; Swedish Nutrition Foundation; Henning and Johan Throne-Holst Foundation2016-08-012016-07-282016-08-22