Fuktproblem i putsade fasader: Enstegstätade ytterväggar utsatta för slagregn
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
One purpose of this work was to examine if a modification of the exterior insulation finishing system can lower the number of outer walls damaged by damp. The modification is the cut of the cellular plastic which is 45 degrees instead of a horizontal cut. One other purpose was; is cellular plastic or mineral wool better as insulation to minimize the dampness in this type of outer walls? A third purpose was to examine if there is any difference of dampness in the outer walls if using a gravel bed or concrete stones next to the outer wall. To examine these three purposes a laboratory experiment with three test walls with an exterior insulation finishing system was built. The difference between the three walls was the insulation. One wall was built with mineral wool with a horizontal cut, one with cellular plastic with a horizontal cut and the third with cellular plastic with a cut of 45 degrees. Simulations of pelting rain and measurements of dampness were carried out for 21 days. The measurements were taken at the same time every evening. After 21 days small samples of tree from the walls was weight, dried in an oven and then weight again to get the quantity of moisture in the samples before they were dried. A diffusion calculation of two outer walls, one with cellular plastic and one with mineral wool, was completed to examine the difference between the relative humidity in the walls. An identical calculation without a plastic film was executed too. The result of the calculations showed a minimal difference in the walls built with a plastic film. When the film was removed the result presented critical values. The result of the laboratory experiment indicates that the test wall with the cut of 45 degrees is better than the walls with a horizontal cut of the insulation. The differences were minimal but possible to read. Some critical, too high, values regarding the moisture content in wood were found and they came from the sills in the walls that had insulation with horizontal cuts. Of the two insulation types the result of calculations and laboratory experiment shows a minimal difference but they both indicates a better result for the mineral wool. The conclusion of this work indicates that cellular plastic with a 45 degree cut is slightly better than the horizontal cut. The comparison of cellular plastic and mineral wool indicates that the mineral wool is better. Another conclusion of this work is that the material on the ground next to the outer wall did not alter the dampness in the wall.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 41 p.
exterior insulation finishing system, damp, pelting rain, plaster, outer wall, cellular plastic, mineral wool
enstegstätad, oventilerad, fukt, slagregn, puts, fasad, cellplast, mineralull
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-32424OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-32424DiVA: diva2:950454
Peab Sverige AB
Subject / course
Öman, Robert, Universitetslektor i byggnadsteknik
Guziana, Bozena, Universitetslektor i miljöteknik