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Advertising and the role of gender: A study of Sweden,France and Spain magazine advertisements
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The gender portrayals study aims to understanding how the roles of men and women are portrayed in magazine advertisements. This has been an issue investigated over the past decades as companies try to achieve a higher level of sales of their products and services and the gender issue influences in how this companies plan one advertising program or another. However, there is a debate among authors: some of them believe that advertising reflects what is already on society and others express that advertisers use the most convenient reality to sell their products. Thus, it makes us wonder what is the actual truth behind this debate. This thesis tries to answer the question of how men and women are portrayed in advertising campaigns. There are several studies on gender portrayals across countries but none that compares France, Spain and Sweden. This thesis tries to fill this gap.


The study is conducted following Hofstede framework that classifies countries whether masculine or feminine, and is completed by analyzing the data gathered from four magazines of these three countries. We classified this data following Courtney and Lockeretz classification scheme and analyzed the data obtained with theories of some other authors.


The results of this thesis show that males were dominant among working roles while females were in non-working roles. The findings might not add a huge contribution to this field of study but may be used as guiding tool for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 72 p.
Keyword [en]
Advertising, gender roles, magazine advertisements, content-analysis, Spain, France, Sweden
National Category
Business Administration Media and Communications Gender Studies
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31693OAI: diva2:950044
Subject / course
2016-05-26, 08:15 (English)
Available from: 2016-07-28 Created: 2016-07-27 Last updated: 2016-07-28Bibliographically approved

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