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Coopetition for Mobile Service Provisioning: Is it about infrastructures, services or both?
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
2016 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As a means of enhancing our everyday lives, ICT industry has caused and experienced significant transformations during past two decades. This transformation relates to technological advances within ICT, and beyond the ICT ecosystem. Wireless ICT is also not an exception in this regard. Accordingly, if we consider Internet of Things (IoT) as the main enabler for transformation, M2M is then the technological enabler of IoT that represent the Wireless ICT in the process of transformation.

In this thesis we benefit from the concept of Smart City as a place where Wireless ICT participates for digitalizing other industries. We investigate how smartification is taking place, where our findings show that wireless ICT mainly empowers other industries to provide M2M-enabled services. Consequently, this participation imposes major changes on the wireless ICT ecosystem itself. Therefore, we study the changes that are forming the “future wireless ICT”. We have studied cases from smart cities, and expanded our data collection by performing semi-structured interviews with experts and decision makers, as well as participating in multiple projects and workshops. Accordingly, we have benefited from two major theories for analyzing the collected data; namely ARA model and Five Forces framework.

Finally, we argue that traditional actors (i.e. MNOs & Vendors), first have to adopt value co-creation in new businesses. This means cooperation among these actors, which changes the Seller-Buyer relationship to Supplier-Customer, in which they co-create the value. Accordingly, we argue that the linear processes of creating value are inefficient in these new markets and value networks must be adopted instead. As a result, we introduce “vertical coopetition” as a dominant business relationship among traditional actors, and new entrants in future wireless ICT. As the main contribution of this thesis, we discuss the logic behind vertical coopetition while comparing it with horizontal coopetition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. , xviii, 93 p.
Series
TRITA-ICT, 2016:19
Keyword [en]
Coopetition, ICT, Wireless, Co-creation, Value, Business
National Category
Telecommunications
Research subject
Information and Communication Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-189882ISBN: 978-91-7729-064-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-189882DiVA: diva2:949675
Presentation
2016-08-25, Aula C, Electrum, Kungl Tekniska högskolan, Kistagången 16, Kista, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20160815

Available from: 2016-08-15 Created: 2016-07-22 Last updated: 2016-08-15Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Shared smallcell networks: Multi-operator or third party solutions - Or both?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shared smallcell networks: Multi-operator or third party solutions - Or both?
2013 (English)In: 2013 11th International Symposium and Workshops on Modeling and Optimization in Mobile, Ad Hoc and Wireless Networks, WiOpt 2013, New York: IEEE , 2013, 41-48 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Network sharing is a commonly used solution for macro cellular networks when mobile operators want to exploit benefits of sharing infrastructure, typically to save network costs. For local area and indoor networks infrastructure sharing using distributed antenna systems (DAS) and repeaters are commonly used solutions to improve indoor coverage. For these applications multi-operator solutions are well known and supported by both standardization bodies and by collaboration practices. However, when local networks are discussed in terms of femtocell solutions, offloading or heterogeneous networks, the multi-operator context seems to be forgotten. Small cells are often presented in a single-operator context. This does not comply with market demand and practices, since facility owners neither want one single mobile operator to dominate the capacity provision nor accept multiple indoor infrastructures provided by multiple mobile operators. In this paper we will discuss the business model implications of different multi-operator solutions for indoor deployment. The key findings are in the areas of: i) how multi-operator small cell solutions can fit into existing market practices when it comes to operator business, ii) how local network operators (3rd parties) and outsourcing can play a role in the business landscape, and iii) how different (novel) spectrum allocation and access strategies can play a role for indoor network deployment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: IEEE, 2013
Keyword
Actors, business models, business roles, competition, cooperation, femtocell access points and gateways, indoor network deployment, mobile broadband networks, MOCN, network sharing, offloading, roaming, spectrum access, spectrum sharing strategies, techno-economic analysis, third party actors, Access points, Indoor networks, Spectrum sharing, Third parties, Antennas, Broadband networks, Commerce, Economic analysis, Femtocell, Heterogeneous networks, Optimization, Wireless networks
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133794 (URN)000328130600007 ()2-s2.0-84883177228 (ScopusID)9783901882548 (ISBN)978-1-61284-824-2 (ISBN)
Conference
2013 11th International Symposium and Workshops on Modeling and Optimization in Mobile, Ad Hoc and Wireless Networks, WiOpt 2013; Tsukuba Science City, Japan, 13-17 May 2013
Note

QC 20131209

Available from: 2013-12-09 Created: 2013-11-11 Last updated: 2016-08-15Bibliographically approved
2. Tele-economics in MTC: what numbers would not show
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tele-economics in MTC: what numbers would not show
2015 (English)In: EAI Endorsed Transactions on Internet of Things, ISSN 2414-1399, Vol. 1, no 1Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper elaborates on the relevance of Tele-Economic research to understand the effect that Machine-Type Commu- nications (MTC) has on different markets and also the market forces affecting the adoption of services based on MTC. The paper is presented in a tutorial form, offering concept and definitions of economic terms that are gaining relevance in the technical community in the MTC context. The concept of services is further analysed in as a change in the tele- communication industry mind-set in order to tap into the economic value of MTC in the realization of the Internet-of- Things. Finally, insights are presented looking forward into the relevance of Tele-Economic research for 5G.

Keyword
Tele-Economic research, service enablement, Machine Type Communication, Internet-of-Things
National Category
Telecommunications
Research subject
SRA - ICT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-181041 (URN)10.4108/eai.26-10-2015.150596 (DOI)
Note

QC 20160219

Available from: 2016-01-27 Created: 2016-01-27 Last updated: 2016-08-15Bibliographically approved
3. Repositioning in Value Chain for Smart City Ecosystems: -a Viable Strategy for Historical Telecom Actors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Repositioning in Value Chain for Smart City Ecosystems: -a Viable Strategy for Historical Telecom Actors
2015 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In a historical business model, Mobile Network operators (MNO) design their own network, own their infrastructure, operate the network and offer services on top of it; a voice-revenue dependent business. Now with the data provisioning, since the revenues associated with data do not comply with the pattern of increasing data usage in mobile networks, MNOs need new revenue streams. As a result, MNOs have started changing their business models by offering services besides their usual competences. This complicated approach has then forced them to think of possible cooperation patterns in order to benefit from horizontal collaboration with others, instead of being vertically integrated. On the Other hand, Telecom Equipment Vendors (TEV) used to design their business models in a vertical manner as well. TEVs would build and manufacture equipment and sell them to their customers in a Business-to-Business (B2B) fashion while in some cases operate the networks on behalf of their customers.

Looking for new markets and revenue streams, the future Smart Cities comprise a good opportunity for MNOs and TEVs. This opportunity then requires a new mindset among these actors. In the new mindset, these actors should accept to reposition themselves in the new value chain. This means that, in order to play a role that can not be overlooked, MNOs and TEVs should perform rather different blocks of the Smart City value chain. This paper intends to provide an analysis of how the traditional telecom actors (MNOs and TEVs) have changed their business strategy and repositioned in the context of the Smart City service provision. In order to do that, we will introduce the traditional telecom actors and the existing value chain, later on, smart city concept and use cases will be introduced, finalizing with an analysis of how the future smart city value chain and the repositioning of these actors.

Keyword
Business Model, Horizontalization, Repositioning, Value Chain, Smart City, Telecom Actor
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-190760 (URN)
Conference
American Regional International Telecommunication Society conference, Los Angeles, USA
Note

QCR 20160816

Available from: 2016-08-15 Created: 2016-08-15 Last updated: 2016-08-16Bibliographically approved
4. MTC Value Network for Smart City Ecosystems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>MTC Value Network for Smart City Ecosystems
2016 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Looking for new markets and revenue streams, the future Smart Cities comprise a good opportunity for traditional actors of the telecommunication industry. This opportunity requires a new mindset among these actors that corresponds to re-positioning in the Smart City value chain. This means that, in order to play a role that can not be overlooked, Telecom actors should perform rather different blocks of the Smart City value chain compared to their traditional activity blocks in Mobile Telephony value chain. The Fifth Generation of mobile telecommunications technology (5G), by some actors, is then considered as the major ICT enabler for this new paradigm.

This paper intends to highlight the role of Machine Type Communications (MTC) for enabling Smart Cities. In order to do so, we introduce the building blocks of Smart City followed by four use cases from Intelligent Transport Systems and Digital Built Environment. We use these cases as the proof of concept for defining the generic MTC activities in the context of Smart City. Eventually the paper introduces the MTC value network in the context of Smart City, based on the resources associated with the activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2016
Keyword
5G, Machine Type Communication, MTC, Smart City, Value Chain, Value Network
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-190759 (URN)
Conference
IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (IEEE WCNC) - Workshop on “5G Enablers & Applications,
Note

QC 20160816

Available from: 2016-08-15 Created: 2016-08-15 Last updated: 2016-08-16Bibliographically approved
5. Value Creation and Coopetition in M2M Ecosystem: - The Case of Smart City
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Value Creation and Coopetition in M2M Ecosystem: - The Case of Smart City
2016 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Wireless ICT as a subcategory of the ICT industry has long been serving end users as its direct customers. The value for end users, i.e. connectivity as the end product of this industry, has been created in a linear chain where two major group of actors have been cooperating with each other: Telecom Equipment Vendors (TEV) and Mobile Network Operators (MNO). By the demand of other industries for connecting devices/machines in order to enable various services, Machine to Machine (M2M) communications and Internet of Things have emerged as new concepts where Wireless ICT could serve other industries. As a result “connectivity” became an enabler (service) and not the final product.

In this paper we argue that linear telecom value chains are incapable of serving this new demand, since wireless ICT requires to co-create value with other industries. This causes the formation of telecom value networks in which traditional telecom actors have to form new (different) business relationships with each other; Cooperation with competitors and Competition with cooperators.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2016
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-190756 (URN)
Conference
27th IEEE Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications (IEEE PIMRC) - Workshop on “From M2M Communications to Internet of Things”
Projects
METIS-II
Note

QC 20160816

Available from: 2016-08-15 Created: 2016-08-15 Last updated: 2016-08-16Bibliographically approved

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Ghanbari, Amirhossein
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