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The Causal Effects of the Number of Children on Female Employment: Do European Institutional and Gender Conditions Matter?
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1260-5077
Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics; Wittgenstein Centre (IIASA, VID/OEAW, WU), Vienna Institute of Demography / Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Labor Research, ISSN 0195-3613, E-ISSN 1936-4768Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper contributes to the discussion on the effects of the number of children on female employment in Europe. Most previous research has either (1) compared these effects across countries, assuming an exogeneity of family size; or (2) used methods that dealt with endogeneity of family size, but that focused on single countries. We combine these two approaches by taking a cross-country comparative perspective and applying quasi-experimental methods. We use instrumental variable models, with multiple births as instruments, and the harmonized data from the European Survey on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC). We examine the cross-country variation in the effects of family size on maternal employment across groups of European countries with different welfare state regimes. This step gives us an opportunity to investigate whether the revealed cross-country differences in the magnitude of the effect of the family size on maternal employment can be attributed to the diversity of European institutional arrangements, as well as the cultural and the structural conditions for combining work and family duties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2016.
Keyword [en]
Family size, Female labour supply, Motherhood penalty, Childbearing
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology; Economics
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-124163DOI: 10.1007/s12122-016-9231-6OAI: diva2:949662
Available from: 2016-07-22 Created: 2016-07-22 Last updated: 2016-08-09

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Anna, Baranowska-Rataj
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