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Is there a g factor in academic creative performance?: Evidence from bibliographical indices of Swedish academics
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

People's cognitive abilities are characterized by a general factor of intelligence, initially intuited by Charles Spearman's (1904) observation that school children tend to have overall high or overall low marks in many school subjects, rather than low in some and high in some. In the realm of real-world creative performance, it is similarly argued that people who produce more also produce with higher quality, in other words a positive quantity-quality manifold rather than a quantity-quality tradeoff. Likewise, such people are also assumed to do all this in a shorter period of time. The influential creativity scholar Dean Simonton calls these principles "more bang for the buck" and "faster, better". Here, I empirically test both these hypotheses for a group of highly creative professionals, matched in their formal level of achievement. The results support both the “faster better” and “more bang for the buck” hypotheses in academia. However, the strength of the correlations fluctuates between disciplines, which raises more questions of where the line is to be drawn between individual achievement and effects coming from differences in academic cultures.

Abstract [sv]

Människors kognitiva förmågor karaktäriseras av en generell intelligensfaktor. Denna uppmärksammades först av Charles Spearman (1904) då han observerade att skolbarn tenderar att överlag ha höga eller låga betyg snarare än en blandning av höga och låga betyg. Vad gäller faktisk kreativ prestation har det föreslagits att personer som producerar mer också producerar av högre kvalitet, så att det, med andra ord, finns ett positivt samband mellan kvantitet och kvalitet, snarare än ett motsatsförhållande. På samma sätt antas sådana personer göra allt detta på kortare tid. Den inflytelserika kreativitetsforskaren Dean Simonton kallar dessa principer ”more bang for the buck” samt ”faster, better”. I denna studie testas båda dessa hypoteser empiriskt för en yrkesgrupp med mycket kreativa personer, matchade med avseende på formell prestationsnivå. Resultaten stöder både ”faster, better” och ”more bang for the buck”-hypoteserna inom akademin. Dock varierar styrkan i korrelationerna mellan discipliner, vilket väcker ytterligare frågor om vad som är relaterat till individuell prestation och olikheter i akademisk kultur.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 13 p.
Keyword [en]
g-factor, bibliographical indices, Swedish academics
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-124105OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-124105DiVA: diva2:949167
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Programme in Cognitive Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-22 Created: 2016-07-18 Last updated: 2016-08-22Bibliographically approved

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