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Skillnad i upplevd stress beroende på grad av fysisk aktivitetsnivå på fritden och skattad "self-efficacy": En kvantitativ studie på undersköterskor
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Försäkringskassan (2016) förklarar att psykisk ohälsa är den vanligaste orsaken till sjukskrivning där undersköterskor representerar den största gruppen av yrken (Renstig & Sandmark, 2005). Därför undersöktes om undersköterskors upplevda stress kunde påverkas av graden av fysisk aktivitet på fritiden samt skattad ”self-efficacy” (tro på sin egen förmåga). Studien var kvantitativ där tre olika mätinstrument användes som var DASS (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale) -21, General Self-Efficacy Scale samt ett av författaren egenkomponerat mätinstrument för skattning av fysisk aktivitet på fritiden. En webbenkät skapades där 1010 undersköterskor deltog och blev indelade i två grupper, dels de 25% (n = 252) som upplevde minst stress (låg-stressgruppen) och dels de 25% (n = 252) som upplevde mest stress (hög-stressgruppen). Analys gjordes på totalt n = 504 undersköterskor. Resultatet visade att låg-stressgruppen hade signifikant högre fysisk aktivitet på fritiden (p = 0,025) och signifikant högre self-efficacy (p < 0,01) än hög-stressgruppen. Låg-stressgruppen hade även signifikant lägre upplevd stress jämfört med hög-stressgruppen (p < 0,01). Slutsats: högre nivå av fysisk aktivitet på fritiden och högre skattad self-efficacy visar en lägre upplevd stress hos undersköterskor. Resultatet från denna studie bidrar med kunskap som eventuellt skulle kunna användas vid åtgärder med mål att sänka upplevd stress hos denna yrkesgrupp.

Abstract [en]

Försäkringskassan (2016) explains that mental illness is the leading cause of sick leave where nurses represent the largest group of professions (Renstig & Sandmark, 2005). Therefore examined whether the nurses' perceived stress could be influenced by the degree of physical activity in leisure time and rated "self-efficacy". The study was quantitative, where three different instruments were used which were DASS (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale) -21, General Self-Efficacy Scale, and one of the author's own composing instruments for estimation of physical activity during leisure time. An online survey was created there in 1010 nurses participated and were divided into two groups, and the 25% (n = 252) experienced at least stress (low-stress group) and also the 25% (n = 252) who experienced the most stress (high-stress group). Analysis was done on a total of n = 504 nurses. The result showed that the low-stress group had significantly higher physical activity during leisure time (p = 0.025) and significantly higher self-efficacy (p <0.01) than the high-stress group. Low-stress group had also significantly lower perceived stress compared to the high-stress group (p <0.01). Conclusion: The higher the level of physical activity in leisure time and higher-rated self-efficacy shows a lower perceived stress among nurses. The results from this study contributes to the knowledge that could possibly be used for steps with the goal of reducing perceived stress in this profession.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 12 p.
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-54628OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-54628DiVA: diva2:948495
Subject / course
Sport Science
Educational program
Sports Science Programme Physical Activity - Health - Outdoor Recreation, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-07-12 Created: 2016-07-12 Last updated: 2016-07-12Bibliographically approved

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