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Patients' Participation in Decisions in an Anaesthesia Healthcare Setting: A survey of patients' and personnel's attitudes and experiences
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patienters medverkan i beslut inom anestesivården : En undersökning av patienters och personals attityder och erfarenheter (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

A need for the personnel at the Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Unit at Danderyd Hospital to better understand their patients’ experiences and attitudes towards participation in their care was identified by the Clinical Innovation Fellowship program at Centre for Technology in Medicine and Health. This study aimed to provide the Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Unit with information on patients and personnel’s experiences and attitudes towards patients’ participation; this would allow them to understand how they should focus their resources. A crosssectional and group comparing survey was performed at the Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Unit in the spring of 2016. A total of 55 patients scheduled for surgery and 38 from the personnel at the Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Unit participated. The results show there is high overall satisfaction among the participants of their experiences of patients’ participation. The majority of the patients wanted to be passive in decisions, no connections between personal characteristics and preferred level of participation was found. Patients who did not felt they had been able to participate enough also felt uninformed. Furthermore, physicians seemed to have better opportunities to include patients in decisions compared to the nurses. The healthcare systems should work to adapt the care for each individual patient and to provide them with information suitable for the individual in order to support patients’ participation; IT-systems could be one way of doing this. Future studies should further investigate which factors could influence patients’ participation and how healthcare services and technology could be designed in order to support patient participation.

Abstract [sv]

Clinical Innovation Fellowship programmet från Centrum för teknik i medicin och hälsa identifierade ett behov hos personalen på Anestesi- och intensivvården på Danderyds sjukhus att bättre förstå vad deras patienter hade för förväntningar på sin medverkan i vården. Detta examensarbete syftar till att ge Anestesi- och intensivvården information om patienters och personals erfarenheter och förväntningar på patienters medverkan i vården för att de ska veta var de ska fokusera sina resurser. En enkätstudie har genomförts på Anestesi- och intensivvården under våren 2016. Totalt deltog 55 patienter som var inplanerade på operation samt 38 personer ur personalen på Anestesi- och intensivvården. Resultaten visar att majoriteten överlag är nöjda med sina erfarenheter gällande patienters medverkan. Majoriteten av patienterna vill ha en passiv roll i besluten, det var inte möjligt att identifiera karaktärsdrag bland de olika patientgrupperna för önskad beslutsnivå. Patienter som kände att de inte hade deltagit tillräckligt mycket kände även att de inte fått tillräckligt med information. Vidare kände läkare i större utsträckning än sjuksköterskor att de hade möjligheten att inkludera patienterna i besluten. Sjukvården borde sträva efter att anpassa vården utifrån individen och erbjuda patienter information som är bäst lämpad för dem, ett sätt att erbjuda information kan vara med hjälp av IT-system. Framtida studier borde undersöka vilka faktorer som influerar patienters medverkan samt undersöka hur tjänster och teknik inom vården bäst kan utformas för att stödja patienternas medverkan. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 58 p.
Series
TRITA-STH, 2016:74
Keyword [en]
patient participation, control preference scale, information, anaesthesiology, patient and personnel experience
National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-189535OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-189535DiVA: diva2:946700
Subject / course
Medical Engineering
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Medical Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-07-06 Created: 2016-07-05 Last updated: 2016-07-06Bibliographically approved

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