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Samband mellan Utmattningssyndrom och Personlighet
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Utmattningssyndrom (UMS) kan vara en följdsjukdom av arbetsrelaterad stress som belastar såväl arbetstagare som arbetsgivare. Föreliggande studie undersöker om det finns samband mellan UMS och personlighet. Deltagarna (N=101) besvarade ett webbaserat frågeformulär innehållande 77 frågor som behandlade generella frågor om deltagaren, arbetsbelastningen, känslor kring arbetet samt generella frågor om personligheten. Beträffande personlighet vi-sade resultaten att neuroticism var en prediktor för emotionell utmattning. Det fanns negativa samband mellan cynism, extraversion och vänlighet och ett positivt samband mellan cynism och neuroticism. Extraversion, vänlighet och samvetsgrannhet korrelerade positivt med per-sonlig prestation, och neuroticism korrelerade negativt med personlig prestation. Kontrollvari-ablerna var av stor betydelse och resultatet visar att låga krav, låg kontroll och lågt socialt stöd var prediktorer för emotionell utmattning. Lågt socialt stöd predicerade cynism och kvin-nor skattade sig högre på cynism än män. Tillämpningen och betydelsen av denna studie för framtida forskning för UMS diskuteras.

Abstract [en]

Burnout can be the result of work related stress which effects both employees and employers. The present study examines whether there is a relationship between burnout and personality. Participants (N = 101) replied to a web-based questionnaire including 77 questions about the participant, workload, feelings about work and general questions about the participant’s per-sonality. For personality, the results showed that neuroticism was a predictor of emotional ex-haustion. There was a negative correlation between depersonalization, extraversion and agree-ableness and a positive correlation between depersonalization and neuroticism. High levels of extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness positively correlated with personal accom-plishment and neuroticism correlated negatively with personal achievement. The control vari-ables were of great importance and the result showed that low demand, low control and low social support were predictors of emotional exhaustion. Low social support predicted deper-sonalization and women rated themselves as being more cynical than men. The application and significance of this study for future research regarding burnout were discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Burnout, personality, Big Five, workload, demand, control, support.
Keyword [sv]
Utmattningssyndrom, UMS, personlighet, femfaktorteori, Big Five, arbetsbelastning, krav, kontroll, stöd
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-15592OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-15592DiVA: diva2:945458
Educational program
Magisterprogram i psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-07-01 Created: 2016-07-01 Last updated: 2016-07-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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