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Parasport; En väg till gemenskap, förbättrad hälsa och stärkt identitetsuppfattning: En kvalitativ studie om parasportens betydelse för individen
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Parasport; A road to connection, improved health and strengthened identity perception : A qualitative study about parasport and its meaning for the individual (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med vår studie var att undersöka individens upplevda effekter av parasporten ur individ-, samhälls- och hälsoperspektiv. Undersökningen bygger på sex intervjuer med ungdomar upp till 25 år som utövar någon form av parasport samt en intervju med en tränare av ett parasportlag. Den intervjun har vi använt till bakgrundsintervju. Intervjuerna med parasportsutövarna analyserades med hjälp av Meads teori om medvetandet, jaget och samhället, Cooleys teori om spegeljaget samt Giddens teori om den reflexiva självidentiteten. Under kategorisering av intervjumaterialet uppkom fem olika kategorier; individers syn på funktionshinder och samhällets bemötande, värderingar om funktionshinder, parasportens inverkan på identitets- och självuppfattningen, medias presentation av parasport, individer med funktionshinder och parasportens betydelse för den fysiska, psykiska och sociala hälsan. Resultatet visade att individernas identitets- och självuppfattning påverkades i viss grad av utövandet av parasport. I resultatet framkom även att den fysiska hälsan påverkades till viss del av parasport utövandet men att majoriteten deltog för att få social samvaro med andra i liknande situation. Slutligen så framkom det hur individer med funktionshinder upplevde samhällets syn och attityder angående individer med funktionshinder och hur det påverkade deras sätt att tänka och agera.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore individual perceived effects of adapted sport from the perspective of the individual, societal and health perspective. The data consists of six interviews with young people up to 25 years who practice some form of parasport as well as an interview with a coach of adapted sport, which we used as a background interview. The interviews with the sports practitioners were analyzed by Mead´s theory about I, Me and Self, Cooley´s theory of the looking glass self and Gidden´s theory of the reflexive self-identity. During the categorization of the interview material five different themes were discovered; the individual approach to disability and social treatment, values on disability, the adapted sports impact on the identity and self-perception, the media´s presentation of adapted sports and individual with disabilities and sport´s impact on the sports practitioners’ physical, mental and social health. The results showed that the individual identity and self-perception was partly affected by exercising adapted sport. The results also showed that the physical health partly was affected by exercising parasport but that the majority participated to get social interaction with others in similar situations. Finally, it arose that how people with disabilities experienced society´s view and attitudes concerning individuals with disabilities affected the sports practitioners´ way of thinking and acting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 53 p.
Keyword [en]
Parasport, disability, norm, identity, health
Keyword [sv]
Parasport, funktionshinder, normer, identitet, hälsa
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-44228OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-44228DiVA: diva2:945235
Subject / course
Socialt arbete
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Social Work (210 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-09 Created: 2016-06-30 Last updated: 2016-08-09Bibliographically approved

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