Prevalence and risk factors of electronic cigarette use among adolescents: Data from four Swedish municipalities
2016 (English)In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and drugs, ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 33, no 3, 225-240 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims: To assess the prevalence rates and risk factors of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, with special focus on e-cigarettes containing nicotine, among grade 9 students (aged 15–16 years) in four different municipalities in Sweden.
Methods: A cross-sectional sample of 665 adolescents was collected in April 2014. The data was analysed using binary logistic regression analysis.
Results: The results show that 26% of adolescents in this study have smoked e-cigarettes (have ever used), while 19% have smoked e-cigarettes with nicotine or do not know whether or not they contained nicotine. The strongest risk factor for ever having used e-cigarettes (any type or with nicotine) was smoking conventional cigarettes. Having tried cigarettes and having tried snus, as well as using or having used alcohol and having smoked a water pipe were also statistically significant risk factors for ever use of any type of e-cigarettes but not for use of e-cigarettes with nicotine. There was no gender difference.
Conclsuisons: Our result show that the use of ecigarettes tends to cluster with the use of other substances, such as other tobacco products and alcohol. As a relatively large share of the participating adolescents, more than a fourth, had smoked e-cigarettes, this rather new phenomenon requires monitoring as a part of the tobacco control.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Warsaw, Poland: De Gruyter Open, 2016. Vol. 33, no 3, 225-240 p.
Adolescents, e-cigarette, electronic cigarette, smoking, prevalence, predictors
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Substance Abuse
Research subject Public health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51121DOI: 10.1515/nsad-2016-0017ISI: 000379145900002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84977555827OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-51121DiVA: diva2:945006
FunderPublic Health Agency of Sweden