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Kön och ålderns påverkan på den inre arbetsmotivationen
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine if self- perceived intrinsic work motivation differed between men and women and between three age groups (20-38 years vs. 39-50 years vs. 51-65 years). The data was collected by administering the Basic Need Satisfaction at Work Scale (BNS) to employees at an international company. The survey was based on the Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and measured intrinsic work motivation by asking 21 propositions that concerned the sub-categories autonomy, competence and belongingness. The result of this study showed that there was no difference between men and women in self-reported intrinsic work motivation. However, there was a main effect of age group, wherein employees aged between 39 and 50 years reported a lower score on the propositions that measured perceived competence compared to employees aged between 20 and 38 years. This study highlights the importance of that individuals aging can have an influence on the perceived intrinsic work motivation.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna kvantitativa studie var att undersöka om upplevd inre arbetsmotivation skilde sig åt mellan män och kvinnor samt mellan tre åldersgrupper (20-38 år jämfört med 39-50 år jämfört med 51-65 år). Studien genomfördes på ett internationellt  företag i Stockholm genom en kvantitativ enkätundersökning. Enkäten innehöll 21 påståenden med tre bakgrundsteman och påståendena utformades utefter testet Basic Need Satisfaction at work scale (BNS). Undersökningen baserades på teorin Self- determination Theory (SDT) där den inre arbetsmotivationen mättes utifrån de underliggande kategorierna autonomi, kompetens och samhörighet. Resultatet av denna studie visade att det inte fanns någon skillnad mellan män och kvinnor i upplevd inre arbetsmotivation. Resultatet visade dock på en huvudeffekt av åldersgrupper, där anställda i åldern 39 till 50 år rapporterade en lägre poäng på påståenden som mätte deras upplevda kompetens jämfört med anställda i åldern 20 till 38 år. Denna studie belyste därmed betydelsen av att individers åldrande kan ha inflytande för den upplevda inre arbetsmotivationen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
Self- Determination Theory, Intrinsic work motivation, gender differences, age differences
Keyword [sv]
Self- Determination Theory, inre arbetsmotivation, åldersskillnader, könsskillnader
National Category
Psychology Work Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-22008DiVA: diva2:944576
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Human resources and labour relations
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-29 Created: 2016-06-29 Last updated: 2016-06-29Bibliographically approved

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Matilde Ahlsten & Veronica Camaj Ericson(827 kB)197 downloads
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