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En sport i rörelse: Konkurrens och gemenskap i roller derby
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Att vara del av en idrottslig gemenskap kan påverka en individs sociala identitet, det vill säga den bild individen har av sig själv som medlem i en specifik grupp. Att tillhöra normen inom gruppen påverkar den sociala identiteten i positiv riktning. Roller derby är känt som en feministisk sport där kvinnor och transpersoner har möjlighet att ta plats på ett annat sätt än i den traditionella idrotten. Målet med denna studie var att undersöka gemenskap i roller derby samt normer för gemenskapen. Fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer gjordes med aktiva roller derby-spelare. Ur en explorativ tematisk analys utlästes fyra huvudteman: Dubbelhet kring hetero- och cisnormen, En frizon eller inte?, Det här är en sport samt Do it yourself – att bygga en sport. Min analys av informanternas tal påvisade en feministisk gemenskap vilken ger utrymme för kvinnor och transpersoner att bryta mot traditionella samhälls- och idrottsnormer. Samtidigt tycktes det skapas andra normer, och samhällsnormer återskapades även i roller derby. Det tycktes också finnas en balansgång mellan att prestera å ena sidan och å andra sidan att lägga fokus på att skapa ett tryggt klimat där spelarna stannar upp och hanterar konflikter. Analysen indikerade att roller derby som sport ger dess utövare en möjlighet att bygga en social identitet utifrån att kvinnor och transpersoner är norm. 

Abstract [en]

Being part of a sporting community can affect an individual's social identity which means the image the individual has of herself as a member of a specific group. Belonging to the norm within the group affects the social identity in a positive direction. Roller derby is known as a feminist sport where women and transgender people are able to behave in a different way than in the traditional sport. The aim of this study was to investigate the community in roller derby and standards of the community. Four semi-structured interviews were conducted with active roller derby players. From an exploratory thematic analysis based on four semi-structured interviews I was able to deduce four main themes: Duality around the hetero- and cis-norm, A free zone or not?, This is a sport and Do it yourself - to build a sport. My analysis showed a feminist community which provides a space for women and transgender people where they can break social norms and norms of sport. At the same time it seemed like other norms were created, and social norms were recreated in roller derby as well. There also seemed to be a balance between performance on the one hand and on the other to focus on creating a safe climate where the players takes time for managing conflicts. The analysis indicated that roller derby as a sport gives its practitioners an opportunity to build a social identity on the basis that women and transgender people are the norm.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
roller derby, social identity
Keyword [sv]
roller derby, social identitet
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-123268OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-123268DiVA: diva2:944396
Educational program
Masters Programme in Sports Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-29 Created: 2016-06-29 Last updated: 2016-06-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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