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Depression utifrån patientens upplevelse: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Depression, as the patient's experience : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Depression är ett av nutidens vanligaste folkhälsoproblem och kommer att bli: desto vanligare i framtiden. Personer som lider av depression söker sig vanligtvis till den allmänna sjukvården innan de remitteras till specialpsykiatrisk vård. Den vårdpersonal som i första hand bemöter dessa patienter är sjuksköterskan, vilkas ansvar medför stora krav på kunskap patientbemötande samt god kännedom om hur det är att leva med depression.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patientens upplevelser av att leva med depression

Metod: Litteraturöversikten baseras på tio vetenskapliga kvalitativa artiklar

Resultat: Det identifierades tre huvudteman (som benämns perioder) med åtta underteman gällande upplevelser av depression. Dessa tre perioder är: Individens upplevelse i början av sjukdomsperioden, Upplevelsen i mitten av sjukdomsperioden, och Upplevelse i slutet av sjukdomsperioden Under den första perioden hade patienterna bristande insikt om sina upplevelser och vad dessa kan beror på. Den andra perioden karakteriseras av fler känsloupplevelser såsom smärta och lidande samt känslor av skuld och skam. Den tredje perioden visar stigmatiseringens påverkan, som kan beror på fördomar och uteslutande attityder från omgivningen.

Diskussion: Diskussionen utgår från Husserls livsvärldsteori med fokus på sjuksköterskans omvårdnad.

Abstract [en]

Background: Depression is one of the most common health problems and is increasing. People suffering from depression typically consult primary health care before being referred to specialized psychiatric care. In these cases, the initial patient-healthcare contact is between patient and nurse. This entails significant responsibility on behalf of nurses to treat patients with competence and understanding. Nurses must possess extensive knowledge of what it is like to suffer from depression.

Aim: The aim was to describe patients who live with depression and their experiences with the depression

Method: The literature review is based on ten scientific articles of qualitative design

Results: Three main themes, here in referred to as periods, were identified on the basis of the results. These themes consist of eight subthemes. The three main periods are the individual's experience during the early stages of illness; the experience in the middle of a period of illness; and the experience at the end of the period of illness. During the first period, the patients were ignorant of the nature of their experiences. In the second period they had further emotional experiences, such as pain and suffering and feelings of guilt and shame. The third period involves the effects of stigmatization, which arose due to prejudice and exclusion by others

Discussion: The discussion was based on Husserl's life-world theory with a focus on nursing care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
Depression, Patient experience, Qualitative study, Nursing care
Keyword [sv]
Depression, Patientupplevelse, Kvalitativ studie, Omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5355OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5355DiVA: diva2:944343
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-29 Created: 2016-06-29 Last updated: 2017-02-15Bibliographically approved

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