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Se mig, hör mig, fråga mig...: Upplevd psykisk ohälsa under skoltiden hos personer med bipolär sjukdom
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
See me, hear me, ask me... : Perceived mental illness during their school years in people with bipolar disorder (English)
Abstract [sv]

Då det är känt att den psykiska ohälsan ökar är det betydelsefullt att undersöka hur elever med psykisk ohälsa upplever sin hälsa i skolan och hur de anser att skolsköterskor kunde eller borde agera. Bipolär sjukdom är en kronisk cyklisk stämningslägessjukdom, med depression, hypomani och mani, vilken kan bero på både ärftliga faktorer såväl som faktorer i miljön. Det är viktigt att det finns en hög medvetenhet om dessa tillstånd bland dem som möter barn med problem. Skolsköterskor är centrala för elevhälsans arbete och som barnens representanter är de skyldiga att våga se, lyssna och fråga dem om psykisk ohälsa.

 

Syftet med studien var att beskriva hur personer med bipolär sjukdom upplevde sin psykiska hälsa under skoltiden. Studien genomfördes utifrån kvalitativ metod. Studien bygger på nio intervjuer med personer diagnostiserade med bipolär sjukdom, som analyserades med hjälp av narrativ metod. I resultatet framkommer hur informanternas psykiska hälsa tog sig uttryck i hemmet, tillsammans med familjen och i skolan. Informanterna beskriver svårigheter att leva med bland annat djupa depressioner, förhöjd sinnesstämning, dåligt självförtroende och stress. Det meningsbärande är att alla upplevt psykisk ohälsa på olika sätt under skoltiden. Upplevelsen var att det fanns okunskap om psykisk ohälsa hos dem som arbetar i skolan. Gemensamt var att informanterna inte bad om hjälp och inte ville be om hjälp, men samtidigt önskade att någon skulle se, lyssna och fråga dem. Konklusionen är att skolan behöver uppmärksamma barns psykiska hälsa

Abstract [en]

Since it is known that mental illness is increasing, it is important to investigate how students with mental illness perceive their health in school and how they feel that school nurses could or should act. Bipolar disorder is a chronic, cyclical mood disorder, depression, hypomania and mania, which can be caused by both genetic factors as well as environmental factors. It is important that there is a high awareness of the condition among those who meet children with problems. School nurses are central to student health work and children's representatives, they must dare to look, listen and ask them about mental illness.The aim of the study was to describe how people with bipolar disorder experienced their mental health at school. The study was conducted using qualitative method. The study is based on interviews with nine people diagnosed with bipolar disorder, which was analyzed using the narrative method. The result shows how the informants' mental health was reflected in the home, along with the family and at school. The informants describe the difficulties of life, including severe depression, elevated mood, low self-esteem and stress. It is meaningful to all experienced mental illness in different ways at school. The perception was that there was ignorance about mental illness in those who work in the school. Common was that the informants are not asked for help and did not want to ask for help, but at the same time wished someone would look, listen and ask them. The conclusion is that the school needs to pay attention to children's mental health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
mental illness, health, child, student, school nurse
Keyword [sv]
psykisk sjukdom, hälsa, barn, elev, skolsköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12613OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-12613DiVA: diva2:943905
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
School Nurse - Study Programme
Presentation
2016-06-01, Skövde Högskola, 10:50 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-09-06 Created: 2016-06-28 Last updated: 2016-09-06Bibliographically approved

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