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Osjuk eller Ofrisk: En kvalitativ studie om hälsofrämjande faktorer inom äldreomsorgen
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Unsick or Unhealty : A study on factors affecting absenteeism in elderly care (English)
Abstract [sv]

Vårt intresse för äldreomsorgen och psykisk ohälsa i samhället grundar idén till denna uppsats. Uppsatsen riktar sig till sjukfrånvaron och vilka faktorer som är hälsofrämjande på en arbetsplats inom äldreomsorgen. För att få fram ett rikt resultat valde vi etnografi och semistrukturerade intervjuer som forskningsmetoder. Urvalet gjordes efter att statistik jämfördes på olika enheter inom äldreomsorgen i den aktuella kommunen. Vi genomförde observationer, enligt etnografisk metod, samt intervjuer på den valda enheten. Vi har valt att använda nya begrepp, osjuk och ofrisk eftersom de förklarar gråzonen mellan att vara sjuk och frisk och begreppen kan vara en del i att öka förståelsen för sjukfrånvaron inom äldreomsorgen. Studien visar att den mest betydande friskfaktorn på vår valda arbetsplats är trivsel i arbetsgruppen, samhörighet, teamkänsla samt de nya rutiner som införts angående sjukanmälan. Ledarskap som tidigare forskning visar är en stor bidragande del till sjukfrånvaro på en arbetsplats, visade sig inte vara lika betydelsefull som vi först trodde efter vår analys av vår studies resultat.

Abstract [en]

The idea for this bachelor thesis was founded by our interest in elderly care and psychiatric illness in the community. This paper addresses absenteeism and the factors that are health promoting in the workplace in elderly care. To obtain representative results, ethnography and semi-structured interviews were selected as research methods. The selection was made after we compered the statistics from different units within elderly care in the municipality. We made observations based on ethnographic methods and semi-structured interviews within the selected unit. We have chosen to introduce two new terms, ”unsick” and ”unhealthy”, because they both explain the grey area between being sick and being healthy and can be used for increasing the understanding of absenteeism in elderly care. The study shows that the most significant health determinants was appreciation of the work group, solidarity, team spirit along with new routines regarding reported sickness. Leadership, that previous research shows is a major contributing part of absenteeism in the workplace, proved in this study, not to be as significant as above mentioned factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 71 p.
Keyword [en]
Sick leave, Health factors, Working environment, Leadership, Salutogenesis, Roles, Elderly care, Systems theory, Psychosocial health, Stress
Keyword [sv]
Sjukfrånvaro, Friskfaktorer, Arbetsmiljö, Ledarskap, Salutogenes, Roller, Äldreomsorgen, Systemteori, Psykosocial hälsa, Stress
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-54302OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-54302DiVA: diva2:943435
Educational program
Social Work Study Programme, 210 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-28 Created: 2016-06-27 Last updated: 2016-06-28Bibliographically approved

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Osjuk eller Ofrisk(1779 kB)118 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Output format
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