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Anaerobic Co-digestion of Sewage sludge, Algae and Coffee Ground
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Energy shortfall and air pollution are some of the challenges the human kind is facing today. Fossil fuel is still the most widely used fuel, which is a non-renewable resource, increasing excess carbon dioxide into the air. To overcome these issues, and reduce the carbon footprint, a greater development of renewable energy from green and natural resources is required. Compared to fossil energy, renewable energy has the benefit to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. There are different solutions available for green and renewable energy. Biomass is all biologically produced matter. Through the biological breakdown of biomass, biogas can be produced through the process called anaerobic digestion. This work was focused on the production of biogas, using algal biomass, sewage sludge and coffee grounds in an anaerobic co-digestion system. The main goal of this study was to investigate the feasibility of combining these three substrates. Two different types of algae were employed; Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus sp. and the investigations included even the cultivation and harvesting of algal biomass. The production of biogas was examined under anaerobic conditions using 5 batch reactors in duplicate under constant temperature of 37 °C in 30 days. The result showed that co-digestion of algal biomass with sewage sludge led to an enhanced biogas production by 75 % compared to that of just sewage sludge. This indicates the synergistic effects of co-digestion. However, the addition of coffee ground to the mixture lowered the biogas production. All mixtures except the two with coffee grounds were in neutral pH. Methanogens, involved in the last step in biogas production are very sensitive to pH, and pH around 7 is the optimal for their activity. Furthermore, the presence of caffeine in the coffee ground could also inhibit the biogas production.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Anaerobic digestion, Algae, C.Vulgaris, Coffee ground
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-10206OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-10206DiVA: diva2:943103
Subject / course
Energy and materials for sustainable development
Available from: 2016-08-04 Created: 2016-06-27 Last updated: 2016-08-04Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(2077 kB)12 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business
Engineering and Technology

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