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Luft ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv: En undersökning om hur barn i fem års ålder beskriver begreppet luft och dess egenskaper med hjälp av artefakter
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Air from a sociocultural perspective : A study about how children at the age of five describe air and its properties with the help of artifacts (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to find out how five-year-old children describe air and its properties from a sociocultural perspective. Semi-structured group interviews with children two and two were performed with artifacts to give the children something to discuss around. As artifacts were a plastic bag, balloon pump, balloon, scale, pinwheel and soap bubbles used. The children show ability to use air and other concepts related to air, an example being blow, to describe the activities connected to the artifacts. The children can describe the properties of air with the help of artifacts and each other and the properties described were air exists, take up space, can be captured, be moved, weigh, is invisible, can be used as a force and is everywhere. The children did not relate the contents of soap bubbles to air.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med undersökningen är att ta reda på hur femåringar beskriver luft och dess egenskaper utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Semistrukturerade gruppintervjuer med barn två och två genomfördes där artefakter valdes för att barnen skulle ha något att diskutera kring. Som arte-fakter användes en påse, ballong, ballongpump, våg, vindsnurra och såpbubblor. Barnen visar att de kunde använda begreppet luft och andra begrepp kopplade till luft så som exempelvis blåsa, för att beskriva aktiviteterna kopplade till artefakterna. Barnen visade även att de kan förklara luftens egenskaper med hjälp av artefakterna samt varandra och egenskaperna som förklarades var: luft finns, tar plats, kan avgränsas, förflyttas, väger, är osynligt, kan verka med en kraft och finns överallt. Barnen visade ingen koppling att såpbubblor innehåller luft.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Preschool, Air, Sociocultural perspective, artefacts, zone of proximal development
Keyword [sv]
Förskola, Luft, Sociokulturellt perspektiv, Artefakter, Proximal utvecklingszon
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-43588OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-43588DiVA: diva2:942466
Educational program
Early Years Education Programme, 210 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-27 Created: 2016-06-23 Last updated: 2016-06-27Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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