Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Loneliness and its association with psychological and somatic health problems among Czech, Russian and US adolescents
Sodertom Univ, Stockholm Ctr Hlth & Social Change SCOHOST, S-14189 Huddinge, Sweden.;Natl Ctr Neurol & Psychiat, Natl Inst Mental Hlth, Dept Child & Adolescent Mental Hlth, Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan.;Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Med, Dept Human Ecol, Tokyo, Japan..
Fundacio St Joan de Deu, Res & Dev Unit, Parc Sanitari St Joan de Deu, Barcelona, Spain.;CIBERSAM, Ctr Invest Biomed Red Salud Mental, Inst Salud Carlos 3, Madrid, Spain..
UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Reg Ctr Child & Youth Mental Hlth & Child Welfare, Tromso, Norway..
Acad Sci Czech Republic, Inst Psychol, Veveri 97, Brno 60200, Czech Republic..
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: BMC Psychiatry, ISSN 1471-244X, E-ISSN 1471-244X, Vol. 16, 128Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Background: Loneliness is common in adolescence and has been linked to various negative outcomes. Until now, however, there has been little cross-country research on this phenomenon. The aim of the present study was to examine which factors are associated with adolescent loneliness in three countries that differ historically and culturally-the Czech Republic, Russia and the United States, and to determine whether adolescent loneliness is associated with poorer psychological and somatic health.

Methods: Data from a school survey, the Social and Health Assessment (SAHA), were used to examine these relations among 2205 Czech, 1995 Russian, and 2050 U.S. male and female adolescents aged 13 to 15 years old. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine if specific demographic, parenting, personal or school-based factors were linked to feeling lonely and whether lonely adolescents were more likely to report psychological (depression and anxiety) or somatic symptoms (e.g. headaches, pain).

Results: Inconsistent parenting, shyness, and peer victimisation were associated with higher odds for loneliness in at least 4 of the 6 country-and sex-wise subgroups (i.e. Czech, Russian, U.S. boys and girls). Parental warmth was a protective factor against feeling lonely among Czech and U.S. girls. Adolescents who were lonely had higher odds for reporting headaches, anxiety and depressive symptoms across all subgroups. Loneliness was associated with other somatic symptoms in at least half of the adolescent subgroups.

Conclusion: Loneliness is associated with worse adolescent health across countries. The finding that variables from different domains are important for loneliness highlights the necessity of interventions in different settings in order to reduce loneliness and its detrimental effects on adolescent health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 16, 128
Keyword [en]
Loneliness, Adolescent, Correlates, Depressive symptoms, Somatic symptoms
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-297271DOI: 10.1186/s12888-016-0829-2ISI: 000375487100008PubMedID: 27146137OAI: diva2:941963
Available from: 2016-06-23 Created: 2016-06-22 Last updated: 2016-06-23Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(497 kB)41 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 497 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ruchkin, Vladislav
By organisation
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
In the same journal
BMC Psychiatry
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 41 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 83 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link