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Ögonsjuksköterskans hälsofrämjande åtgärder vid åldersrelaterad makuladegeneration
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Ophthalmic nurses ́ health promoting efforts with age-related macular degeneration (English)
Abstract [sv]

Åldersrelaterad makuladegeneration (AMD) är en kronisk ögonsjukdom och är den vanligaste orsaken till irreversibel synnedsättning hos äldre personer i den industriella världen. Bakomliggande orsaker kan vara både genetiska och miljömässiga varför prevention och behandling av ögonsjukdomar kan öka livskvaliteten samt minska nedsatt syn och de funktionshinder som synnedsättning medför. Syftet med studien var att belysa ögonsjuksköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete med patienter som har åldersrelaterad makuladegeneration. Denna integrativa litteraturstudie visade att kunskapsnivån om AMD var låg både hos den allmänna befolkningen och patienter. Även patienter med allvarlig synnedsättning på grund av en eller flera ögonsjukdomar var omedvetna om sin diagnos. Patienter med AMD upplevde att de inte fick tillräckligt med information om sjukdomen, riskfaktorer, undersökningar och vilka behandlingar som fanns. Att drabbas av AMD innebar en stor påverkan på patienternas livskvalitet. Det visade sig att det fanns ett starkt samband mellan förlust av synfunktionen och symtom på depression. Ingen av studierna var från Sverige eller belyste svenska förhållanden men belyser vikten av att hälsofrämjande arbete och ökad medvetenhet kring kroniska ögonsjukdomar och dess riskfaktorer är mycket viktigt. Det vore av stort intresse att undersöka de svenska förhållandena som jämförelse. 

Abstract [en]

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a chronic eye disease and is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss amongst elderly people within the industrial world. Underlying causes can be both genetical and environmental, prevention and treatment of AMD can increase quality of life and reduce visual impairment and all dysfunctionalities related to it. The aim of this study was to highlight ophthalmic nurses' health promoting work with patients with age-related macular degeneration. This integrative literature review showed that the level of awareness of AMD was low among both the general population and patients. Even patients with severe vision loss due to one or several eye diseases was unaware of their diagnosis. Patients with AMD felt that they were not given enough information about the disease, the risk factors, available health examinations and what possible treatments were available. To be affected with AMD entails a significant negative effect on patients quality of life. It was shown that there was a strong connection between vision loss and symptoms of depression. None of the studies were from Sweden or highlighted the Swedish conditions but highlights the importance of health promotion, awareness about chronic eye disease and its risk factors as very important. It would be of great interest to investigate the Swedish conditions for comparison. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Age-related macular degeneration, health promotion, knowledge, ophthalmic care, risk factors
Keyword [sv]
Hälsofrämjande arbete, kunskap, oftalmologisk omvårdnad, riskfaktorer, åldersrelaterad makuladegeneration
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31313OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-31313DiVA: diva2:940951
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-22 Created: 2016-06-21 Last updated: 2016-06-22Bibliographically approved

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