To speak or not to speak English during English lessons: A literature study on language use in the elementary classroom
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
There are different views regarding which language should be used in the second language classroom. Therefore, the aim of this literature review is to find out if the teachers’ choice of language use in the classroom can affect the students’ motivation to speak English and if there are other factors that can affect the teachers’ choice of language use. This study is based on six different sources who all have investigated the use of the first language and/or the target language in schools in different parts of the world. The results of this study show that both the use of the first language and the target language can affect the students’ motivation to speak English. The results also show that there are many different factors that can affect the teachers’ choice of language in the classroom, apart from motivation. These factors include the use of the first or the target language to ensure comprehension, encourage communication, create and maintain relationships between teachers and students, keep up a good classroom climate, and to uphold discipline. There are arguments both for using the first language and the second language in the second language classroom and it is difficult to determine which language is the best to use. However, what can be determined is that it is the teachers’ responsibility to decide and to have a reason for choosing one language or the other.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
target language, first language, motivation, language use, English as a foreign language
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:du-21815OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-21815DiVA: diva2:940666