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Skiftarbetes inverkan på sjuksköterskors hälsa: En litteraturstudie
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The effects of shiftwork on nurses' health : A literature review (English)
Abstract [en]

Introduction Shift work affects the circadian rhythm. Working night shift can, for instance, result in a disrupted circadian rhythm, which can have adverse effects on health. Nurses are a particularly vulnerable group in health care since they often work shifts.

 

Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore how nurses are affected by shift work and what effects of shift work can have on nurses' health.

 

Method The work was carried out as a literature review with a systematic approach, in which 10 scientific articles were selected from the databases; Academic Search Elite, CINAHL and MEDLINE. The articles were examined, analyzed, results were summarized and conclusions were drawn.

 

Results Many nurses, often regardless of the type of shift work they have, suffer from insomnia, fatigue and gastrointestinal problems. Short rest between shifts and workload is mentioned in several articles as cause to the problems.

 

Discussion Short rest between shifts can be a major contributing factor to the problems, circadian rhythm and shift work itself may not affect health as much as short rest and too little time for recovery in between shifts.

Abstract [sv]

Inledning: Skiftarbete påverkar dygnsrytmen. Vid, exempelvis, nattarbete störs dygnsrytmen, något som kan medföra negativa effekter på hälsan, sjuksköterskor är en speciellt utsatt gruppinom vården då de ofta arbetar skift.Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att utforska hur sjuksköterskor påverkas av skiftarbete och vilka effekter skiftarbete kan ha på sjuksköterskors hälsa.Metod:Arbetet genomfördes som en litteraturstudie med ett systematiskt tillvägagångssätt, där 10 vetenskapliga artiklar valdes ut från databaserna Academic Search Elite, CINAHL och MEDLINE. De granskades, analyserades, resultat sammanfattades och slutsatser drogs.Resultat: Många sjuksköterskor, ofta oberoende av vilken typ av skiftarbete de har, lider av bland annat sömnlöshet, trötthet, utmattning och mag-och tarmproblem. För kort vila mellan arbetspassen och arbetsbörda nämns i flera artiklar som bidragande orsaker till problemen.Diskussion: För kort vila mellan arbetspassen kan vara en stor bidragande orsak till problemen, dygnsrytm och skiftarbete i sig kanske inte påverkar hälsan lika negativt som kort vila och för lite tid för återhämtning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 14 p.
Keyword [sv]
skiftarbete, hälsa, sjuksköterskor, sömn, vila
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12544OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-12544DiVA: diva2:940642
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Health Coach
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-07-01 Created: 2016-06-21 Last updated: 2016-07-01Bibliographically approved

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