Seismic activity and end- or post-glacial faults in northern Fennoscandia, focusing on Sweden
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
During the late or post Weichselian glacial periods, about 9500 years ago, several faulting associated with large scale earthquakes were triggered in northern Fennoscandia. The end- or post-glacial scarps have a range of the lengths c. 3 to 155 km and the heights 0 to 30 m while most of them are reverse faults trending NE-SW with SE dips. In this literature study, I try to compile the estimated history and cause of seismicity in northern Sweden, and predict the future activity. The result indicates that although the timing of these faulting might not be in the same phase of deglaciation, the upheaval induced by glacial retreating is considered as the major factor of these paleoseismicity. Since the strain from glaciers has been mostly released, the main cause of recent earthquakes in this region is tectonic stress accumulation. Accompanied by the progress of observing techniques such as drilling and grand penetrating radar detection especially in this decade, the geometry of these glacially induced faults and recent micro-seismicity in the vicinity of these scarps have been detected better and better. According to the results, the recorded epicenters form clusters in the east side of the faults’ zone. It implies the correlation between recent seismicity and end- or post-glacial faults. However, there is still insufficient data of the faults’ structure and previous seismicity in order to clarify the faults’ geometry, the age of main movements and estimate their future activity. More investigations are expected to take place in this region.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 28 p.
Fennoscandia, seismicity, end/post-glacial fault, deglaciation, glacial uplift
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122670OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-122670DiVA: diva2:940421
Subject / course