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Effektivisering i handläggandet av enskilda avlopp: Bedömningsunderlag för skyddsnivå och möjligheten att ställa redovisningskrav på verksamhetsutövaren
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Effciency of the single sewage system administration : Assessment basis for protection level and the possibility to demand presentation from the operator (English)
Abstract [en]

In Sweden there are over 600 000 single sewage systems which has a toilet connected to them. The sewage water contains a lot of phosphorus and nitrogen, which over fertilize seas, lakes and streams. Also, the water holds lots of bacteria's, which can contaminate drinking water and bathing places, if not purified enough. The municipal office determines which degree of purification a single sewage needs, and have the supervision over them. Lack of resources and time makes it hard to do this as much as required. This study aims to examine the possibility to simplify the administration of single sewage errands, in order to make it easier to determine purification degree and make operators take more responsibility. The study was performed as a literature study and an online questionnaire survey, directed against municipal workers, in which 89 individuals participated. Also, in order to examine how to apply a determination plan for protection level in a municipality, a practical investigation is done. The study has concluded that making operators present their systems is a possibility, but because of the fact that the operator often is a private individual and the cost can become high, it can be a hard to consider it fair according to the Swedish law. The study also shows that tools for easier determination of purification is something the municipal workers think works and focus on developing tools and guidance for such, is a good idea.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 21 p.
Keyword [sv]
hög skyddsnivå, enskilda avlopp, redovisningskrav, verksamhetsutövare
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122661OAI: diva2:940372
External cooperation
Eda kommun
Subject / course
Examensarbete i miljö och hälsoskydd
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Environmental Health
Available from: 2016-06-22 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2016-06-22Bibliographically approved

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Halling, Maja
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