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”Vi klättrar hit, där hon inte når!”: En observation av barns uteslutningsstrategier
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
” We’ll climb where she can’t reach” : a study of children’s exclusion strategies (English)
Abstract [sv]

I denna studie kommer du som läsare få en inblick i lekar och aktiviteter där barnen har full kontroll över situationen. Studiens syfte är att genom observation synliggöra hur barn begränsar sina kamratkulturer och om det förekommer fördomar eller kränkande behandling när man gör uteslutningar av sina kamrater. I resultatet kan man se hur barnen som observerats är väl medvetna om förskolans regler och värderingar, således förekommer inga trakasserier eller kränkande behandling under lekens gång. Dock använder man sig av subtila och kamouflerade strategier för att styra leken kring såväl lekens utformning till vilka kamrater som får ingå i sin lekkonstellation och således ta sig runt de regler som finns kring kamratskap, t.ex. anpassningar av regeln ”Alla får vara med”. I deras uteslutningar kan man se hur hierarkier har byggts upp och genom sina verbala och icke-verbala språk förtydligar man vilka som kan få tillträde och inte. Utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv är det också sagt att studien inte enbart berättar om barns uteslutningsstrategier utan ger också en bild kring den kultur och de samtal som råder inom förskolemiljön som i sin tur skapar en arena där uteslutningarna sker.

Abstract [en]

In this study you will be able to get a “sneak peek” into the play and game in which the children are the masters. The purpose of this study is through observation show whether children are limiting their play arenas and if children are excluding others by using unethical or stereotypical methods, such as excluding because of age, gender, ethnicity, etc. The results of the observations show that the children of this observation doesn’t use judgmental exclusions however use hidden and camouflaged strategies to adapt the play to match their intentions. By playing by the hierarchic rules of the preschool arena the children are able to choose their wanted playmates, the intentions and the rule of the game itself. The exclusion strategies are subtle and yet so obvious and through their psychical and verbal language they show each other the signs of which you are in the game or not. The children of the study are well aware of the physical and social rules within the preschool and are therefore able to adapt their exclusion strategies by bending the rules, for example the most common “Everybody are allowed to join the game”. With that in mind this study doesn’t only show the exclusion strategies but also the culture and conversations that creates the environment in which these exclusions are performed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Play, exclusion, preschool, strategies, sociocultural, children, democracy, children’s rights
Keyword [sv]
Uteslutning, strategier, sociokulturellt, förskola, barn, lek, demokrati, barns rättigheter
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-43430OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-43430DiVA: diva2:940347
Subject / course
Pedagogy
Educational program
Early Years Education Programme, 210 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-21 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2016-06-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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