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Rigid-Body Modelling of Forklift Masts and Mast Sway Simulations
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Reach truck masts are subjected to oscillations, which have significant impacts on the dynamics of the entire vehicle. Mast oscillations can cause undesirable outcomes in extreme situations and therefore it is desirable to be able to predict these outcomes before they occur. A forklift manufacturer in Mjölby initiated a thesis with the intention to obtain a model that can simulate mast sway for situations where oscillations occur. The objective of the thesis was to create a model of Triplex masts and find dependencies between model parameters and variables such as fork height and load.

The thesis was conducted modelling the mast with a rigid multibody approach where torsion springs and dampers were used between mast parts to simulate mast elasticity. Clearance at the connections were considered and included in the model. The obtained model constitutes of 8 parameters that could be tuned to attain different oscillation characteristics. Parametric optimisation was carried out to find optimal sets of parameters for compliance with sway measurement tests with different load and fork height cases. 

The thesis has resulted in a model that is able to simulate mast sway with different oscillation characteristics depending on model parameters. Performed parametric optimisation resulted in parameters that reveal useful information about how model parameters depend on load and fork height. The method used for obtaining optimal parameters can likewise be applied to other mast models in order to gain insight into model parameters as functions of load and fork height.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 70 p.
Keyword [en]
Forklift, MBS, Simulation, Mast, Mast Sway, SimXpert, Oscillations, Rigid-body, Modelling, Reach truck
National Category
Applied Mechanics Control Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129529ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--16/4960--SEOAI: diva2:940179
Subject / course
Automatic Control
2016-06-08, Algoritmen, Linköping, 14:00 (English)
Available from: 2016-06-21 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2016-06-21Bibliographically approved

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Le Tran, Minh
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