Effect of mobile application-based versus DVD-based CPR training on students practical CPR skills and willingness to act: a cluster randomised study
2016 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 6, no 4, e010717- p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Objectives: The aim was to compare students practical cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills and willingness to perform bystander CPR, after a 30 min mobile application (app)-based versus a 50 min DVD-based training. Settings: Seventh grade students in two Swedish municipalities. Design: A cluster randomised trial. The classes were randomised to receive app-based or DVD-based training. Willingness to act and practical CPR skills were assessed, directly after training and at 6 months, by using a questionnaire and a PC Skill Reporting System. Data on CPR skills were registered in a modified version of the Cardiff test, where scores were given in 12 different categories, adding up to a total score of 12-48 points. Training and measurements were performed from December 2013 to October 2014. Participants: 63 classes or 1232 seventh grade students (13-year-old) were included in the study. Primary and secondary outcome measures: Primary end point was the total score of the modified Cardiff test. The individual variables of the test and self-reported willingness to make a life-saving intervention were secondary end points. Results: The DVD-based group was superior to the app-based group in CPR skills; a total score of 36 (3338) vs 33 (30-36) directly after training (pamp;lt;0.001) and 33 (30-36) and 31 (28-34) at 6 months (pamp;lt;0.001), respectively. At 6 months, the DVD group performed significantly better in 8 out of 12 CPR skill components. Both groups improved compression depth from baseline to follow-up. If a friend suffered cardiac arrest, 78% (DVD) versus 75% (app) would do compressions and ventilations, whereas only 31% (DVD) versus 32% (app) would perform standard CPR if the victim was a stranger. Conclusions: At 6 months follow-up, the 50 min DVD-based group showed superior CPR skills compared with the 30 min app-based group. The groups did not differ in regard to willingness to make a life-saving effort.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP , 2016. Vol. 6, no 4, e010717- p.
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129507DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010717ISI: 000376391400104PubMedID: 27130166OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-129507DiVA: diva2:940105
Funding Agencies|Foundation for cardiopulmonary resuscitation in Sweden; Swedish Resuscitation Council; Swedish Heart-Lung Foundation ; County Council of Ostergotland2016-06-202016-06-202016-07-13