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Språkproblem och kulturella aspekter inom den perioperativa vården: Operationssjuksköterskors upplevelser - en kvalitativ intervjustudie
Karlstad University.
Karlstad University.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Language problems and cultural aspects in the perioperative care : Theatre nurses´experiences - an qualitative interview study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Vi lever i ett mångkulturellt samhälle och det ställer höga krav på operationssjuksköterskans omvårdnad för en hög patientsäkerhet i samband med operation. Syfte: Att undersöka operationssjuksköterskors upplevelser av språkproblem och kulturella aspekter i den perioperativa vården. Metod: Kvalitativ metod med induktiv ansats tillämpades och data samlades in via enskilda intervjuer med 10 operationssjuksköterskor, 8 kvinnor och 2 män, vid tre sjukhus i Mellansverige. En kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att bearbeta det insamlade materialet. Resultat: Genom analysen framkom det tre kategorier och åtta subkategorier. De tre  kategorierna var: Operationssjuksköterskan i den mångkulturella vården, Kommunikation och Kommunikationshjälpmedel. I resultatet framkom att hänsyn togs till patientens önskemål så långt det var möjligt om det inte påverkade patientsäkerheten. Operationer i intimare kroppsdelar upplevdes svårare än andra. Operationssjuk-sköterskorna upplevde sig begränsade när de inte kunde kommunicera med patienten. Patienten upplevdes oftast dåligt informerad innan operationen. Det ansågs säkrare att använda en professionell tolk än en anhörig som tolk. Det framkom önskemål från operationssjuksköterskorna om kommunikationshjälpmedel. Konklusion: Studien visade att språkproblem och kulturella aspekter påverkade operationssjuksköterskans perioperativa arbete. Det som upplevdes svårt var både att inhämta och förmedla information som hade betydelse för patientens perioperativa vård och patientsäkerhet.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: We are living in a multicultural society, which puts great importance on the theatre nurses´ care for patient´s security during surgery. Aim: To investigate the theatre nurses' experiences of language- and cultural issues in the perioperative care. Method: Qualitative method with inductive approach was applied and data was collected through individual interviews with ten surgical nurses, eight women and two men, at three hospitals in the Midwest part of Sweden. A qualitative analysis of the content was used to process the interviews. Results: The analysis resulted in three categories and eight subcategories. The three categories were: Theatre nurse in multicultural health care, Communication and Communication Aids. The result showed that patient's wishes were considered if they did not affect the safety of the patient. Operations in the intimate parts of the body felt harder than others. Theatre nurses felt restricted when they could not communicate with the patient. The patient own personal experience of information prior to the surgery wasn´t satisfactory. It was considered safer to use a professional interpreter than a family member as an interpreter. There were requests from the theatre nurses for communication aids. Conclusion: The study revealed that language- and cultural issues affect the theatre nurse perioperative work. They experienced difficulties in both collecting and disseminating information that had significance for perioperative patient care and patient safety. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Theatre nurse, preoperative care, language problems, cultural aspects
Keyword [sv]
Operationssjuksköterska, perioperativ vård, språkproblem, kulturella aspekter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-43373OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-43373DiVA: diva2:939497
Subject / course
Emergency Care Specialist Nursing, Operating Room Nursing, Graduate Diploma*
Educational program
Specialist Nursing -Theatre Care (60 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-07-07 Created: 2016-06-19 Last updated: 2016-07-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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