At the Feet of Giants: Compatibilities (or lack thereof) between Global Visions and Local Conditions: A Field Study on Environmental Education │ Lichinga, Mozambique
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The demands on our environment have reached vast levels, and climate change is often seen as the world’s most pressing challenge, hindering some countries from achieving sustainable development in the future. Low-developed countries, such as Mozambique, are those often viewed as most likely to suffer the most from consequences of environmental degradation, and global actors, such as United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), have emphasized the need for environmental education (EE) that can equip and mobilize people, especially youth, for the right kind of change. There is little known, however, of how suitable these global ideas are at the local level in a country like Mozambique, with various environmental problems and a large youth population.With this problem in mind, this study aims to increase the understanding of how the global indicators for EE are reflected in national policy and local practice. The intention is to compare the global, national and local indicators and identify possible gaps and similarities, and draw conclusions about compatibilities between the global and most local level. Thus, a three-week field study in Lichinga Municipality, in northern Mozambique was undertaken. Empirical field data was mostly gathered through semi-structured interviews and direct observations. In order to understand potential compatibilities between the global and local level, a comparative analytical approach based on an inductive mode of inference was applied, contrasting the indicators’ main messages.The findings show that different indicators have different priorities which create incompatibilities between different levels. The global indicator was found to be too general and thus not very helpful especially for sustainable development on very local level, in this case Lichinga Municipality. While young people presented good knowledge and awareness about environmental issues, youth need resources and support to act as agents of change. As of now, they do not have the ability to take on the expected responsibility at the local level. For the global indicator to be successful on all levels, it is concluded that it must take local conditions into considerations and move away from its universal nature.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 77 p.
Environmental Education, Lichinga Municipality, Mozambique, Sustainable Development, Youth
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-53869OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-53869DiVA: diva2:939371
Subject / course
Peace and development
Peace and Development Work, Master Programme, 60 credits
Nilsson, Anders, Senior Lecturer
Fritz, Heiko, Senior Lecturer