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Hur påverkar kosten symptom hos barn med ADHD?
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How does diet affect symptoms for children with ADHD? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inledning: Drygt 5% av barn i Sverige har en uppmärksamhets- och hyperaktivitetsstörning/ Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD), och runt 75% av dem medicineras för att minska symptomen av ADHD. Hyperaktivitet, svårigheter att fokusera och koncentrera sig, och impulsivt beteende är några karaktärsdrag hos barn med ADHD. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturöversikten är att se om det finns kostrelaterade behandlingskomplement för att lindra ADHD hos barn. Metod: En litteraturöversikt där tio vetenskapliga originalartiklar har analyserats och delats upp i fyra olika teman. Resultat: En elimineringskost där vissa födoämnen uteslutadess, ett minskat intag av tillsatser (konstgjorda färgämnen och konserveringsmedel) eller ökat intag av omega-3 visade positiva effekter hos en grupp barn med ADHD där symptomen minskade, speciellt hyperaktivitet. Diskussion: Trots att resultaten av studierna visar en positiv effekt hos vissa barn med ADHD så behövs mer grundlig forskning angående elimineringskost, tillsatser och omega-3. Studierna baseras ofta på frågeformulär som fylls i av föräldrarna vilket kan leda till subjektiva resultat som tar bort generaliserbarheten av studierna. De positiva effekterna antyder att komplementära behandlingsmetoder kan finnas genom en förändrad kost, som förbättrar livskvaliteten och minskar biverkningar hos barn med ADHD och samtidigt sänker kostnaderna för samhället.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: About 5% of all children in Sweden are diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and about 75 % get medication do reduce symptoms. Hyperactivity, difficulties to focus and concentrate and impulsive behavior are typical characteristics for children with ADHD. Aim: The aim with this literature review is to see if complementary treatments based on diet can assist to reduce symptoms of ADHD for children. Method: A literature review that analyses ten original articles which are divided into four different topics. Result: An elimination diet that excludes certain foods, reduced intake of food additives and preservatives or increased intake of omega-3 showed positive effects for a group of children with ADHD as symptoms minimized especially for hyperactivity. Discussion: Even though results of the studies show positive effects for certain children with ADHD, more research is needed that further investigates the effects of elimination diet, food additives and omega-3. The studies were mainly based on questionnaires, filled in by parents, which can lead to subjective results. The positive effects suggest that alternative treatments by changed diet might assist children with ADHD, improving life quality and reducing medication side effects together with reduced costs for society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
ADHD, hyperactivity, diet, food additives, omega-3
Keyword [sv]
ADHD, hyperaktivitet, kost, tillsatser, omega-3
National Category
Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12496OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-12496DiVA: diva2:938860
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Health Coach
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-09 Created: 2016-06-17 Last updated: 2016-08-09Bibliographically approved

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