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Matval vid nattjobb: Skiftarbetare inom verkstadsindustrins upplevelser av vad som påverkar deras matval under skiftarbetet.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The life of work has undergone major changes. Globalization and liberalization is contributing to the fact that many companies often require flexibility regarding ability to work around the clock when they are hiring new staff. The fact that the health is poorer among evening and night shift workers compared to daytime workers is widely documented. The conditions for evening and night shift workers to maintain healthy habits are not considered to be good. The aim of the study was to investigate shift workers in the engineering industry’s experiences of what influences their food choices during the work shift. The study was based on a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. Semi- structured interviews were used for collection of data. The result showed three main themes which affect the shift workers food choice. Within the themes were three factors identified: the conditions of the workplace, the ambition of balance between work and leisure and also physical and mental wellbeing. The result is not transferable to all shift workers, but the experiences that have emerged in the study are valuable to take into consideration in new sociological studies about food choice within the engineering industry. The individual at the workplace have a major responsibility for their food choice even though the design of the workplace has proven to be one of the major factors of influencing the food choice during working hours. Therefore should higher requirements be imposed on employers when it comes to health promotion linked to eating habits and the abilityof workers to make healthy food choices during work hours.

Abstract [sv]

Arbetslivet har genomgått stora förändringar. Globalisering och avreglering bidrar till att företag ofta kräver arbetstidsmässig flexibilitet hos personal när de anställer. Att hälsan är sämre bland de skiftarbetare vilka  arbetar kvälls- eller nattskift jämfört med dagtidsarbetare är vida dokumenterat. Kvälls- och nattskiftsarbetarnas förutsättningar till hälsosamma vanor anses inte vara goda. Syftet med studien har varit att undersöka skiftarbetare inom verkstadsindustrins upplevelser av vad som påverkar deras matval under skiftarbetet. Studien utgick från en kvalitativ metod med fenomenologisk inriktning. Semi- strukturerade intervjuer användes som datainsamlingsmetod. Resultatet visade på tre övergripande teman som berör skiftarbetares matval. Ur dessa teman plockades tre faktorer fram: arbetsplatsens förutsättningar, strävan efter balans mellan arbete och fritid  samt fysiskt och psykiskt välmående. Resultatet är inte överförbart på alla skiftarbetare men upplevelserna vilka framkommit i studien är värdefulla att ta i beaktning i nya sociologiska studier kring matval inom verkstadsindustrin. Individen på arbetsplatsen har ett stort eget ansvar för sina matval trots att en av de största påverkansfaktorerna för matvalet visat sig vara arbetsplatsens utformning. Därför bör högre krav ställas på arbetsgivare när det kommer till hälsofrämjande arbete kopplat till matvanor och möjligheten för arbetstagare att göra hälsosamma matval under arbetstid. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Public health, shift work, shift worker, meal pattern, food choice
Keyword [sv]
Folkhälsa, skiftarbete, skiftarbetare, måltidsmönster, matval
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21718OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21718DiVA: diva2:938748
Subject / course
Public health science
Educational program
Health education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-22 Created: 2016-06-17 Last updated: 2016-06-22Bibliographically approved

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Matval vid nattjobb(530 kB)19 downloads
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