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Is there a g factor in acedmic creative performance?: Evidence from bibliographical indices of Swedish academics
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

People's cognitive abilities are characterized by a general factor of intelligence, initially intuitedby Charles Spearman's (1904) observation that school children tend to have overall high oroverall low marks in many school subjects, rather than low in some and high in some. In the realmof real-world creative performance, it is similarly argued that people who produce more alsoproduce with higher quality, in other words a positive quantity-quality manifold rather than aquantity-quality tradeoff. Likewise, such people are also assumed to do all this in a shorter periodof time. The influential creativity scholar Dean Simonton calls these principles "more bang for thebuck" and "faster, better". Here, I empirically test both these hypotheses for a group of highlycreative professionals, matched in their formal level of achievement. The results support both the“faster better” and “more bang for the buck” hypotheses in academia. However, the strength ofthe correlations fluctuates between disciplines, which raises more questions of where the line isto be drawn between individual achievement and effects coming from differences in academiccultures.

Abstract [sv]

Människors kognitiva förmågor karaktäriseras av en generell intelligensfaktor. Dennauppmärksammades först av Charles Spearman (1904) då han observerade att skolbarn tenderaratt överlag ha höga eller låga betyg snarare än en blandning av höga och låga betyg. Vad gällerfaktisk kreativ prestation har det föreslagits att personer som producerar mer också producerarav högre kvalitet, så att det, med andra ord, finns ett positivt samband mellan kvantitet ochkvalitet, snarare än ett motsatsförhållande. På samma sätt antas sådana personer göra allt dettapå kortare tid. Den inflytelserika kreativitetsforskaren Dean Simonton kallar dessa principer”more bang for the buck” samt ”faster, better”. I denna studie testas båda dessa hypoteserempiriskt för en yrkesgrupp med mycket kreativa personer, matchade med avseende på formellprestationsnivå. Resultaten stöder både ”faster, better” och ”more bang for the buck”-hypotesernainom akademin. Dock varierar styrkan i korrelationerna mellan discipliner, vilket väckerytterligare frågor om vad som är relaterat till individuell prestation och olikheter i akademiskkultur.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122418OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-122418DiVA: diva2:938676
Educational program
Programme in Cognitive Science
Available from: 2016-06-17 Created: 2016-06-17 Last updated: 2016-06-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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