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Kvinnliga fitness-atleters berättelser om hur de påverkats av en coach-styrd diet: Med specifikt fokus på tankar och känslor om kroppen samt förhållningssätt till mat
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Inom sporten Fitness och Bodybuilding tar många atleter hjälp av en coach med tävlingsdieten. Denna studie ämnade undersöka vilken inverkan kvinnliga fitness-atleter upplever att coachen haft på deras förhållningssätt till mat och deras tankar och känslor om kroppen. Detta undersöktes genom fem semistrukturerade intervjuer som tolkades med hjälp av tematisk analys, och resulterade i fyra huvudteman: Coachens maktposition, Förhållandet till mat, Tankar och känslor om kroppen samt Behovet av coachen efter dieten. Coacherna tillskrevs en auktoritär maktposition där de gavs utrymme att påverka sina atleter. Atleterna påverkades i olika grad; från ett mer hälsosamt förhållande till mat till ett ökat kontrollbehov och upptagenhet kring mat, samt från ett ökat kroppsnöje till ökat ett kroppsmissnöje. Coacherna kunde inte ses som ensamt ansvariga för hur atleterna påverkades, men deras ansvar bör understrykas då de verkade ha ett inflytande där de kunde antingen förebygga eller förvärra ätstörningsrelaterade symtom. Coacher inom Fitness och Bodybuilding bör därmed beakta det inflytande de har över sina atleter. 

Abstract [en]

Within the sport Fitness and Bodybuilding many athletes seeks help from a coach with the competition-diet. This study aimed to examine the perceived impact from the coach on female fitness athletes' approach to food and their thoughts and feelings about their body. This was examined by five semi-structured interviews that were interpreted by using thematic analysis, and resulted in four main themes: The coach's position of power, Relationship to food, Thoughts and feelings about the body and The need for the coach post-diet. The coaches were ascribed an authoritarian position where they could practice influence over the athletes. The athletes were affected differently; from a more healthy relationship to food, to an increased need for control of, and preoccupation about, food, as well as from a growing body satisfaction to increased body dissatisfaction. The coaches were not the only factor accountable for how the athletes were affected, but the their responsibility should be emphasized as the they seemed to be in a position where they could either prevent or worsen eating disorder-related symptoms. Thus, coaches within Fitness and Bodybuilding should consider the influence they have on their athletes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 41 p.
Keyword [sv]
Fitness, coach, diet, kroppen, ätstörningar
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122247OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-122247DiVA: diva2:937877
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-06-17 Created: 2016-06-16 Last updated: 2016-06-17Bibliographically approved

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Kvinnliga fitness-atleters berättelser om hur de påverkats av en coach-styrd diet(960 kB)104 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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