Despite the relatively rapid progress in the field of gender equality - proven by the fact that today women and men are fairly evenly represented at most levels in universities - almost four out of five full-time professors are men. Some major problems in the academic world are the structural barriers that limit many of its members, women in particular, preventing them to pursue a career on the same terms as their male colleagues. This, in turn, undermines the research's potential and credibility. It is thus not only who gets promoted to being professor that is worth examining, but rather the underlying factors that create unequal opportunities for different groups of people in academia. In this study, seven female political scientists are interviewed to give us a better understanding of the situation from different personal perspectives. These women defended their respective thesis relatively recently, meaning they are all currently facing the challenge of establishing themselves as researchers in an academic world characterised by competitiveness. By learning from their personal experiences and general observations of working in the academy, and drawing on previous research, this study helps us better understand the problem in a local context. The results indicate that these women do feel that it is harder for them to achieve the same results by the same means as their male colleagues. The main causes for concern are the requirements to publish international articles to a great extent and the fact that it is very hard to get a permanent position in the academy. These causes are not directly linked to the question of gender in the sense that they apply to everyone in the academy. However, it seems like the underlying factors, such as the norms that tell you how to behave and prioritise as a scientist, as well as the social structures and informal hierarchies in academia, create barriers that are harder for women to overcome. As it appears, this is essential when these women consider the opportunities they have to advance their careers within the academy.
Keywords: gender, academia, female scientists, subtle structures, career barriers.
2015. , 33 p.