Investing in photovoltaics in Jämtland: Environmental concern? Or profitability push
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The Regional Council of Jämtland has a goal to increase the export of renewable energy and with that reduce the total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. One of the measures used to reach this goal is to give subsidies and tax reductions for investments in photovoltaics. Photovoltaics are generally perceived as “good for the environment” and give a “good image” to companies. They are marketed as interesting for private persons and farmers from a profitability point of view.
Sweden has an electricity mix with average CO2 emissions of 20-30 g/kWh. Compared to other countries in Europe this is very low. The CO2 emissions of photovoltaics during their lifetime are 46 g/kWh according to the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Taking this in consideration it can be concluded that photovoltaics actually increase GHG emissions as they have higher emissions of CO2 than the average in Sweden.
When the decision to invest in photovoltaics is made with profitability as a main reason, it is debatable if the subsidies and tax reductions are needed. When the decision to invest in photovoltaics is made with environmental concern as a main reason, the subsidies might be given to other environmental technologies that are better from a climate perspective. Considering this, the push for profitability of photovoltaics can be seen as just another increase in consumption.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 31 p.
Photovoltaics, Jämtland, Profitability, Environmental impact, Solar energy, Solar panel
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-27948Local ID: MX-V16-A2-001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-27948DiVA: diva2:937248
Subject / course
Environmental Science MV1
International Master's Programme in Ecotechnology and Sustainable Development NEKAA 120 higher education credits
Jonsson, Anders, Associate Professor