Energy, emergy, and the city
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
In his book “Environment, Power, and Society” (1971) H.T. Odum introduced a picture of the energy metabolism of a city based on Wolman's paper from 1965 (Sci. Am., 213: 179-190). With the development of the emergy analysis--a branch of energy systems accounting--several authors have contributed to develop quantitative measures of HT Odum’s picture, which from many perspectives are diverging from traditional energy studies. In this paper, studies using emergy analysis to study cities are reviewed. The research regarding emergy and cities had during the period 1975-1995 its focus on cities in the United States, e.g. Miami, Jacksonville, San Francisco and Chicago. The research during 1995-2005 was almost exclusively focused on Taipei. From approximately 2006 up till 2015 the research focus has been on Chinese cities; Macao, Beijing and 37 other Chinese cities have been investigated. But there are resent also studies made on Rome (Italy) and Montreal (Canada). Studies up to about 2007/2008 were generally concerned with understanding spatial aspects of the cities investigated. After that, evaluating the sustainability of cities has become a main research focus.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Mittuniverstitetet , 2016. , 14 p.
, Ecotechnology working paper, 2016-1c
Emergy assessment, Spatial distribution, Sustainable city
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-27946OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-27946DiVA: diva2:937145