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Barnet som aktör eller objekt?: Socialsekreterarens syn på barnets delaktighet i utredningsprocessen inom socialtjänsten
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Resultaten från tidigare forskning gällande barnets delaktighet i utredningar inom den sociala barnavården visar att det finns en enhetlig syn på att barnet ska göras delaktigt i utredningsprocessen. Dock speglas den uppfattningen inte i det praktiska arbetet. Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie var att undersöka socialsekreterares syn på barnets delaktighet i utredningar. Studiens empiri skapades genom 6 intervjuer med socialsekreterare som jobbar eller har jobbat med utredningar på socialtjänsten. Empirin analyserades genom barndomssociologin, Harts delaktighetsstege samt Shiers modell av stegen. Resultatet visar att samtliga socialsekreterare anser att ett barns delaktighet är viktigt, men definierar delaktighet på olika sätt. Vad som påverkar delaktiggörandet, enligt informanterna är barnets ålder, personliga egenskaper och den specifika situationen. Centralt är att socialsekreterare måste vara flexibla och anpassa sig efter situationen. Intervjupersonerna uttrycker också dilemmat att försöka ta hänsyn till både barnets bästa samt barnets rätt att bli hörd.

Abstract [en]

Results from earlier research referring to a child’s participation in investigations within social childcare shows that there is a coherent vision of making the child involved in the process of the investigation. However, that vision is not reflected in practical work.The purpose of this qualitative study was to study social workers’ vision of the child’s participation in investigations concerning themselves. The empirical data was consisted of six interviews with social workers, analyzed by childhood sociology, Hart´s participation ladder and Shier´s model of that ladder. The result showed that all informants consider the child’s involvement to be important. But they have different definitions of involvement or participation. What affects participation according to the informants is the age of the child, personal traits and the specific situation. Central to the study is that social workers need to be flexible and adapt to the situation. The informants also expressed the dilemma of trying to consider both the best of the child and the child’s right to be heard.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 48 p.
Keyword [en]
Participation, children's perspective, the ladder of participation, the theory of childhood, social worker.
Keyword [sv]
Delaktighet, barnperspektiv, delaktighetsstege, barndomssociologi, socialsekreterare.
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21627OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21627DiVA: diva2:937043
Subject / course
Social work
Educational program
Social work
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-16 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2016-06-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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