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Faktorer som påverkar omvårdnaden av patienter från olika kulturer inom palliativ vård – en litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Factors that affect nursing care of patients from other cultures in palliative care – a literature review. (English)
Abstract [sv]

När befolkningen i Sverige blir allt äldre kommer det bland annat leda till ett

ökat sjukvårdsbehov. I genomsnitt har människor födda i länder långt från Norden sämre

hälsa än personer födda inom Norden, de kan ha en annan kultur och tolka

kommunikationen inom vården annorlunda.

Syfte: Att beskriva faktorer som påverkar omvårdnaden av patienter och anhöriga från

andra kulturer inom palliativ vård.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt.

Resultat: Är baserat på nio vetenskapliga artiklar. Det fanns kulturella skillnader i synen

på allvarlig sjukdom och död. Inom flera kulturer är det tabubelagt att tala om döden och

detta var sjuksköterskorna inom västerländsk kultur oerfarna vid, de var mer vana vid en

rak och ärlig kommunikation med patienterna. Sjuksköterskorna hade

kommunikationssvårigheter med patienter och närstående då de inte hade samma språk. Det

var även svårt och tidskrävande att finna lämpliga tolkar som kunde hantera känsliga ämnen

relaterat till palliativ vård.

Konklusion: Sjuksköterskor upplevde att möten med patienter och anhöriga från andra

kulturer ofta var svåra om de inte pratade samma språk. Trots detta upplevde

sjuksköterskorna arbetet som tillfredsställande. Det framkom att för lite tid och stress var

ett av problemen samt att behovet av tolkar var stort.

Abstract [en]

Background: As the population in Sweden is getting older, it will also lead to increased

health care needs. On average, the immigrants have poorer health than people born in the

Nordic region, they can have an other culture and interpret the communication in care

different.

Aim: To describe the factors that affect the care of patients and families from other cultures

in palliative care.

Methods: a literature review.

Results: Is based on nine scientific articles. There are cultural differences in the

perception of serious illness and death. In many cultures, it is taboo to talk about death and

this was the nurses of Western culture inexperienced with, they were more experienced

with a straight and honest communication with the patients. The nurses had communication

difficulties with patients and families as they did not have the same language. They also

found it more difficult and time consuming to find suitable interpreters who could handle

the sensitive issues related to palliative care.

Conclusion: Nurses felt that when confronted with patients and families from other

cultures it was often difficult if they were not talking the same language. Despite this,

nurses experienced work as satisfaying. It appeared that lack of time and stress was one of

the problems and the need for interpreters was large.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
communication, cross-culture, family, nurse-patient-relationship, nursing, palliative care
Keyword [sv]
kommunikation, närstående, palliativ vård, omvårdnad, sjuksköterska-patient relation, tvärkulturell
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-21691OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-21691DiVA: diva2:936715
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-14

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