Förskolan - till er tjänst: En kritisk diskursanalys av en medial debatt om förskolan
Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The preschool - at your service : A critical discourse analysis of a media debate about the preschool (English)
In this study I wanted to find out what is said about the preschool in a media debate that took place on a discussion forum of a Swedish newspaper’s web site in 2016. Through critical discourse analysis I have tried to find out what is said and reflect upon what it says about the preschool. Critical discourse analysis focuses on the text, the interaction and the context to find out how different discourses are being drawn upon within the interaction to reproduce or modify the given context. My results show that the studied media debate takes place within a modernistic order of discourse where the preschool as a producer of results and as a business company is at stake. This is the preschool as an institution, where the child needs to develop certain abilities, and as a producer, offering a service to the consumer; the parent. Half of the participants of the debate are questioning the preschool and claim that the institutionalization of children has gone too far. The preschool isn’t able to deliver when it comes to care and security for the little child, according to the critics. The other half of the participants defend the preschool as an institution and see it as a necessary part of the childhood, both as a practical solution for the modern society and for what it can give the child when it comes to learning and preparing for the future. The critics and the defenders can be understood as acting within different historical discourses of the preschool. The critics use arguments from the discourse of the child-crib, a socially determined childcare from the 19th century. The defenders use arguments from the discourse of the kindergarten, a pedagogically determined nursery school with its roots at the turn of the last century. The debate takes place within a certain understanding of the preschool which therefore is being reproduced, even though there are tendencies towards a more postmodern understanding in some of the written arguments. The preschool in the debate show signs of colonization by the systems of money and power, through what Fairclough calls marketization of discourse, discourse of bureaucracy and discourse of counseling. The preschool under debate is a preschool within the global market of free trade, where changing power relations lead to feelings of insecurity and the need for control. Throughout the debate one power relation is taken for granted, that is the relation between the debater and the debated, between the adult and the child.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 36 p.
preschool, discourse, debate, marketization, child, learning, care, child-crib, kindergarten, the competent child
förskola, diskurs, debatt, marknad, barn, lärande, omsorg, barnkrubba, barnträdgård, det kompetenta barnet
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30312OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-30312DiVA: diva2:936405
Subject / course
UppsokSocial and Behavioural Science, Law
Murstedt, Linda, Högskolelektor
Kawesa, Victoria, Högskoleadjunkt