Patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and low levels of natriuretic peptides
2016 (English)In: NETHERLANDS HEART JOURNAL, ISSN 1568-5888, Vol. 24, no 4, 287-295 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Aims Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is common and its management remains difficult. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels are used to diagnose heart failure, and as an entry criterion for inclusion into trials. We investigated a population of HFpEF patients who had been randomised into a study based on clinical parameters, and compared those with low BNP levels to those with elevated BNP levels. Methods We examined patients who had been enrolled in the Coordinating study evaluating Outcomes of Advising and Counselling in Heart Failure (COACH), with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF >= 40 %), and compared those with low BNP (< 100 pg/ml; n = 30) to those with elevated BNP (= 100 pg/ml; n = 127). Baseline characteristics, comorbidities, biomarkers, quality of life, and outcome parameters (hospitalisations and death) were compared between the groups. To validate our findings, we repeated all analyses for NT-proBNP (< 300 pg/ml and = 300 pg/ml). Results Patients were similar with regard to most clinical characteristics (including age, sex, and LVEF), biomarkers, and comorbidities. In contrast, patients with a low BNP had higher body mass index levels (31 kg/m(2) vs. 27 kg/m(2); p < 0.01) and lower cardiac troponin I (9 pg/ml vs. 15 pg/ml; p = 0.02). In addition, these patients were less frequently prescribed diuretics and beta-blockers. No differences in quality of life, heart failure related symptoms and the primary and secondary outcomes were observed between these groups. These observations were confirmed for NT-proBNP. Conclusion Among the patients with clinically diagnosed HFpEF, those with low BNP are strikingly similar to those with elevated BNP levels, except for BMI, which was significantly higher in these patients.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BOHN STAFLEU VAN LOGHUM BV , 2016. Vol. 24, no 4, 287-295 p.
Heart failure; Preserved ejection fraction; Quality of life; B-type Natriuretic peptide; Biomarkers; Symptoms
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128967DOI: 10.1007/s12471-016-0816-8ISI: 000374713700009PubMedID: 26940695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-128967DiVA: diva2:934883
Funding Agencies|Innovational Research Incentives Scheme program of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (VIDI grant) [917.13.350]; Netherlands Heart Foundation [2015T034, 2000Z003]; Biosite France SAS (Jouy-en-Josas, France); Roche Diagnostics Nederland BV (Venlo, the Netherlands); Novartis Pharma BV (Arnhem, the Netherlands)2016-06-092016-06-072016-06-28