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"Jag är mer än min vikt": Hur personer med fetma upplever mötet med vården - en litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
“I am more than my weight”  : A literature review, how obese individuals experience health care. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Antalet personer med fetma har fördubblats sedan 1980-talet. Fetma har visat sig öka risken för flertalet sjukdomar. Samhället är präglat av normer om hur en kropp bör se ut och stigmatiseringen av personer med fetma kan leda till att personer blir lidande. Även inom vården riskerar personer med fetma att mötas av negativa attityder, trots att alla har rätt till vård på lika villkor.

Syfte: Att beskriva hur personer med fetma upplever mötet med vården.

Metod: Litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats där nio artiklar med kvalitativ metod inkluderats. Artiklarna har analyserats med stöd av Fribergs femstegsmodell.

Resultat: Tre kategorier framkom i resultatet. Att mötas av okunskap, att vara utsatt samt stöd i mötet. Personer med fetma upplever att de blir bemötta på ett annorlunda sätt i vården på grund av sin vikt. Negativa kommentarer och icke anpassad utrustning bidrog till känslor av utsatthet och att vara annorlunda.

Slutsats: Resultatet visar att personer med fetma upplevde att de blir bemötta annorlunda på grund av sin vikt när de söker vård. Genom att medvetandegöra mötets betydelse kan förhoppningsvis det öka kunskapen hos vårdpersonal kring vilka attityder och värderingar som påverkar hur de bemöter personer med fetma. 

Abstract [en]

Background: The number of obese people has doubled since the 1980s. Obesity has been shown to increase the risk of other diseases. The community is characterized by standards of how the body should look and the stigmatization of people with obesity can cause people to suffer. These norms and images are perpetuated in health care, even though everyone is entitled to health care on equal terms.

Aim: To describe how obese individuals experience health care.

Method: A literature review has been made with an inductive approach. Nine articles were included, all with a qualitative approach. All articles have been analyzed according to Friberg’s five-step.

Results: The results emerged in three categories: Being met with ignorance, being exposed and feeling of support. People with obesity felt that they were being treated differently because of their weight. Negative comments and inappropriate equipment contributed to feelings of being exposed and being different.

Conclusion: The results show that obese people feel that they are treated differently because of their weight when they seek health care. By raising these issues health professional may become more aware of how their attitudes and values affect how they treat people with obesity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Attitudes, experience, health care, obese
Keyword [sv]
Bemötande, fetma, omvårdnad, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30325ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20160105OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-30325DiVA: diva2:934166
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-16 Created: 2016-06-08 Last updated: 2016-06-16Bibliographically approved

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