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Health-related quality of life up to 1 year after radiotherapy in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC)
Region Östergötland, Center for Surgery, Orthopaedics and Cancer Treatment, Department of Oncology.
Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center for Health and Developmental Care, Regional Cancer Center South East Sweden. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences.
Region Östergötland, Center for Surgery, Orthopaedics and Cancer Treatment, Department of Oncology.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center for Surgery, Orthopaedics and Cancer Treatment, Department of Oncology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9786-7326
2016 (English)In: SpringerPlus, E-ISSN 2193-1801, Vol. 5, no 1, 669Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Detailed symptom specific descriptions of health-related quality of life (HRQOL), using validated questionnaires in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) are sparse. The aim of the present study was to investigate HRQOL in patients with HNC up to 1 year after radiotherapy (RT), using two standardised questionnaires.

Methods

The data for the present study was originally collected in a randomised, prospective study. Forty-seven patients from two RT clinics in Sweden were included to investigate the secondary aim: HRQOL. Data was recorded at baseline, completion of RT, and 3, 6, 12 months after completed RT, using the questionnaire EORTC QLQ-C30-version 3 and the disease-specific module EORTC QLQ-H&N35.

Results

Most symptoms and functions deteriorated significantly by the end of RT, improved gradually by 3 and 6 months and reached baseline levels at 12 months after completed RT. However, 1 year after completed RT there were remaining significant problems in senses, dry mouth and sticky saliva.

Conclusions

Radiation therapy affects health-related quality of life in patients with head and neck cancer, both in the short and long term. Caregivers need management strategies for early detection and treatment of specific problems throughout the treatment period to help in the prevention of long-term symptoms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 5, no 1, 669
Keyword [en]
Health-related quality of life, Head and neck cancer, EORTC QLQ C30, QLQ-H&N35, Trismus
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128865DOI: 10.1186/s40064-016-2295-1ISI: 000377606500002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-128865DiVA: diva2:933853
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Cancer Society; Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden; Department of Radiation Oncology at the University Hospital in Linkoping; County Hospital in Jonkoping; Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science, Linkoping

Available from: 2016-06-07 Created: 2016-06-02 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

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Loorents, VeraRosell, JohanSalgado Willner, HelenBörjeson, Sussanne
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