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Patienters upplevelser av utmattningssyndrom: En litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Bakgrund: Om en människa länge utsätts för långvarig stress utan tid för återhämtning kan utmattningssyndrom utvecklas. Diagnosen utmattningssyndrom är en relativt ny diagnos i Sverige, diagnosen accepterades formellt år 2005. Syfte: Med denna litteraturstudie avses att belysa utmattningssyndrom från patientens perspektiv. Metod: En litteraturstudie genomfördes och sökningar med noga utvalda sökord utfördes i databaserna Cinahl, PubMed, och PsycInfo. Sökningarna i denna litteraturstudie resulterade i att tio resultatartiklar inkluderades, genom innehållsanalys strukturerades och analyserades resultatartiklarna. Resultat: Resultaten presenteras under fem teman: Att släppa taget, insikt balans och självbild, upplevelser av varningssignaler och symtom, stöd och support samt tillfrisknande. Resultatet av litteraturstudien lyfter fram vikten av patienters upplevelse att komma till insikt om orsaken till varför de drabbats av utmattningssyndrom, inte förrän då kunde patienterna påbörja sin resa mot tillfrisknande. Tydligt var även att patienterna genom att arbeta med sitt beteendemönster fick sin självkänsla och självrespekt tillbaka. Genom att lära sig strategier för att hantera stress lärde sig patienterna att känna igen kroppens signaler. Vidare forskning om patienters upplevelser är av vikt då effekter av rehabiliteringsmetoder för utmattningssyndrom är bristfällig.     

Abstract [en]

Abstract

If you are exposed during a certain period of time to prolonged stress without time to recover, you may develop exhaustion disorder. The diagnosis of exhaustion disorder is a relatively new diagnosis in Sweden; the diagnosis was formally accepted in year 2005. Aim: This study referred to lighten exhaustion disorder from the patient's perspective. Method:  A literature review was performed; the search was made by using selected keywords and were conducted in the databases Cinahl, PubMed and PsycInfo. The searches in this study included ten articles. Through content analysis the articles was structured and analysed. Results: Results are presented under five topics: Letting go, insight balance and self-image, perceptions of the warning signs and symptoms, assistance and support and recovery. The results of the literature study highlights the importance of patients' experience to come to the knowledge of the reason why they suffered exhaustion disorder, not until then could they begin their journey towards recovery. Evidence shows that patients working with their behavior patterns had their self-esteem and self-respect back. By learning strategies to manage stress patients learned to recognize the body's signals. Further research of patients’ experiences is important when the effects of rehabilitation methods for exhaustion disorders is deficient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
Burnout, Burnout syndrome, Exhaustion disorder, Experiences, Patient
Keyword [sv]
Patient, Upplevelser, Utbränd, Utbrändhets syndrom, Utmattningssyndrom
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31055OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-31055DiVA: diva2:933820
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-16 Created: 2016-06-07 Last updated: 2016-06-16Bibliographically approved

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