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Styrelsens inverkan på bolags CSR-rapportering: En kartläggande studie av large och mid cap-bolag på Nasdaq OMX Stockholm
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The impact of the board of directors on CSR-reporting : A survey of large and mid cap-companies on Nasdaq OMX Stockholm (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inledning: I tidigare forskning har det framgått att styrelsen har en inverkan på bolags CSR- rapportering, eftersom styrelsen är med och utformar bolags CSR-strategier. Denna forskning har dock visat sig vara begränsad till att endast undersöka ett fåtal karaktärsdrag hos styrelsen, vilket motiverar en kartläggande studie av styrelsens karaktärsdrag och dess inverkan på bolags CSR-rapportering.

Problemformulering: Vilka karaktärsdrag hos styrelsen samt styrelseledamöter påverkar bolagets CSR-rapportering? Syftet: Syftet med studien är att identifiera vilka karaktärsdrag hos styrelsen samt styrelseledamöter som påverkar bolagets CSR-rapportering.

Metod: Studien har en deduktiv ansats och har utifrån befintliga studier och teorier skapat hypoteser. Hypoteserna har sedan testats med kvantitativ tvärsnittsdata. Det urval som studien grundar sig på är 109 bolag listade på Nasdaq OMX Stockholm (large och mid cap) år 2013. Studiens data har främst samlats in från bolags årsredovisningar och hemsidor.

Resultat: Studiens resultat antyder att styrelseledamöter: med juridisk utbildning, som är oberoende ledamöter, arbetstagarrepresentanter har en positiv påverkan på bolags CSR- rapportering. Detsamma gäller för styrelsens storlek och styrelseordförandens ålder. Det till skillnad från när familjeägare sitter i styrelsen, vilket enligt resultaten hade en negativ inverkan på bolags CSR-rapportering. Studien visar att de strukturella karaktärsdragen hos styrelsen har störst inverkan på bolags CSR-rapportering, vilket bland annat indikerar att de intressen som ledamöter företräder inverkar på dess styrelsearbete. Vi jämförde även bolag som var listade på large och mid cap-listan för att se om det fanns några skillnader dem emellan. Testerna visade att flera demografiska karaktärsdrag var signifikanta i de mindre bolagen men inte i de större. Detta indikerar att CSR-rapporteringsmentaliteten som dessa karaktärsdrag tidigare bidragit med, till viss del blivit institutionaliserat i de större bolagen. Ytterligare ett resultat som studien visat är att denna typ av forskning i framtiden inte endast kan begränsa sig till en teori. 

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Previous research has shown that the board of directors has an impact on the companies CSR-reporting, since the directors are a part of developing the company's CSR- strategies. This research, however, has proven to be limited to investigate only a few character traits of the board of directors, which justifies a survey of the board's characteristics and its impact on companies' CSR-reporting.

Problem: Which character traits of the board and board members affect the company's CSR- reporting? Purpose: The purpose of the study is to identify the characteristics of the board and board members that affect the company's CSR-reporting.

Method: The study adopts a deductive approach and the hypotheses are therefore based on existing studies and theories. The hypotheses that have been tested in this study are based on quantitative cross sectional data. The sample for this study is based on 109 companies listed on the Nasdaq OMX Stockholm (large and mid cap) in 2013. The data collected originates primarily from companies' annual reports and websites.

Results: The results of this study show that those directors: with legal educations, that are independent, employee representatives have positive effects on companies’ CSR-reporting. The same applies to the size of the board and the age of the Chairman. These results are different from when family owners are members of the board, which has a negative impact on companies' CSR-reporting. The study also shows that the structural characteristics of the board have the greatest impact on companies' CSR-reporting, which, for example, indicates that the interests that the members represent have an impact on the board’s activities. We also compared companies listed on large and mid cap to see if there was any difference between the two. The test’s showed that several demographic characteristics had a significant impact in the smaller companies, but not in the larger companies. This indicates that the mentality of CSR-reporting that these traits previously assumed to contribute with, to some extent has become institutionalized in larger companies. Another result this study demonstrated was that future research regarding this relationship should not only limit itself to one theory. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 245 p.
Keyword [en]
CSR, CSR-reporting, board of directors, characteristics, voluntary disclosure
Keyword [sv]
CSR, CSR-rapportering, styrelse, karaktärsdrag, frivillig redovisning
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-53046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-53046DiVA: diva2:933568
Subject / course
Business Administration - Accounting
Educational program
Business Administration and Economics Programme, 240 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-08 Created: 2016-06-06 Last updated: 2016-06-08Bibliographically approved

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Styrelsens inverkan på bolags CSR-rapportering av Leander Edh och Samuelsson 2016(6040 kB)109 downloads
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