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Mödrars upplevelser av att drabbas av postpartumdepression
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Postpartumdepression (PPD) drabbar mellan 8-15% av alla kvinnor som föder barn och innebär stora påfrestningar för både modern, partnern och spädbarnet. Utvecklandet av PPD har multifaktoriella orsaker som tidigare psykiatrisk sjukdom, dåligt parförhållande och brist på socialt stöd.

Syfte: Studiens syfte var att undersöka kvinnors upplevelser av postpartumdepression.

Metod: Studien är en litteraturöversikt där vetenskapliga artiklar motsvarande studiens syfte granskades. Samtliga artiklar hade kvalitativ ansats och söktes i databaserna Cinahl och Pubmed.

Resultat: Studiens resultat indelades i tre övergripande teman: moderskap, diagnostisering - samt stöd. Kvinnor som drabbas av PPD uppfattar sig vara misslyckade mödrar samt upplever känslor av hopplöshet och utmattning. Stigmatiseringen kring PPD samt att bli diagnostiserad med psykiatrisk sjukdom, och rädslan av att bli uppfattad som en otillräcklig mor, leder till motvilja att uppsöka vård. Vårdpersonalen uppfattas ofta normalisera kvinnornas depressionssymptom vilket leder till att dessa kvinnor tappar förtroende för vården och inte känner sig sedda eller tagna på allvar. Partnerns och den närmaste omgivningens stöd spelar en betydande roll för att identifiera symptom, söka hjälp och tillfriskna.

Slutsats: PPD upplevs av drabbade kvinnor både som ett personligt och socialt stigma, där den egna förmågan till moderskap och lämplighet ifrågasätts. Resultaten indikerar behov av förbättrat bemötande från vården, samt nytänkande inom tillgänglighet och prevention.

Abstract [en]

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects between 8-15% of all women who give birth to children and poses major new challenges for the mother, partner and baby. The causes behind the development of postpartum depression are multifactorial; a previous psychiatric illness, poor partner relationship and a lack of social support. Aim: The aim of the study was to explore women's experiences of postpartum depression. Method: The study is a literature review in which scientific papers corresponding to the study's aim were reviewed. All reviewed articles had a qualitative approach and was searched in the databases CINAHL and Pubmed. Results: The results of the study were divided into three overarching themes: maternity, diagnosis and support. Women who suffer from PPD perceive themselves to be a failure as mothers and experience feelings of hopelessness and exhaustion. The stigma surrounding PPD and beeing diagnosed with a mental illness, as well as the fear of being perceived as an inadequate mother, are leading to reluctance to seek care. Health care workers are often perceived to normalize women's depressive symptoms which leads to that these women lose trust in the health care system and do not feel they are seen or taken seriously. Support from partner and the immediate surrounding plays a significant role in identifying symptoms, helpseeking and the process of recovery. Conclusion: PPD was experienced by the affected women as both a personal and a social stigma, where their ability to motherhood and suitability was questioned. The results indicate the need for improved treatment of health care, as well as innovation in availability and prevention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
postpartum depression (PPD), mothers, experiences
Keyword [sv]
postpartumdepression (PPD), mödrar, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-295333OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-295333DiVA: diva2:933439
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Available from: 2016-06-06 Created: 2016-06-04 Last updated: 2016-06-06Bibliographically approved

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