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Milletsystemet: Minoritetsskydd och grupprättigheter i ett historiskt perspektiv
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Minority protection mechanisms in international law aim to guarantee certain individual rights to persons belonging to ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities, such as freedom of culture, religion and language. These rights can be considered to be of collective interest for minority group identity and therefore often require the possibility of collective enjoyment. In addition to general human rights and principles of non-discrimination, minority protection can alternately be ensured through minority specific rights. However, minority specific rights would not operate effectively without evolving a concept of collective (or group) rights in international law. Hence, while this kind of approach can provide legal methods for balancing the interests of individuals, groups and the state, it creates the possibility of conflicts with the international framework of individual rights. The ottoman millet system sets a historical example of minority protection instruments based on a collective concept of human rights. Furthermore, the ottoman history offers an illustration of what could go terribly wrong with a collective rights model. By analyzing the millet system and the ottoman legal reforms in the nineteenth century I will discuss reoccurring issues with collective rights. I will argue that incorporating collective rights within a structure founded on individual rights is a problematic way of protecting individuals belonging to minorities and other vulnerably ethnic groups. Looking through the historical development of universal human rights some important aspects of its main principles will be brought up in this paper. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 66 p.
Keyword [en]
ottoman empire, milletsystem, minority protection, collective rights, group rights, individual rights, human rights, legal reform, nineteenth century, equality, discrimination
Keyword [sv]
ottomanska imperiet, milletsystemet, minoritetsskydd, minoritetsspecifika rättigheter, minoritet, majoritet, folkgrupp, diskriminering, kollektiva rättigheter, grupprättigheter, individuella rättigheter, mänskliga rättigheter, artikel 27 ICCPR, självbestämmande, dhimmis, millet, kolonisering, ius publicum europaeum, aritmetisk jämlikhet, geometrisk jämlikhet, armeniska folkmordet, likhetsprincipen, legala reformer
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-295308OAI: diva2:933357
Educational program
Law Programme
Available from: 2016-07-04 Created: 2016-06-03 Last updated: 2016-07-04Bibliographically approved

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