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Ice on midsummersday: -A qualtitative study on national, regional and local level of the extreme weather years and following harvest failure in 1867-68 Sweden, with focus on Gävleborgs County.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis focuses on two extreme weather years in 1867-1868 that led to crop failure and subsistence crisis in parts of Sweden. Specifically it focus on Gävleborgs County and one parish, Hanebo Parish, in south west Hälsingland. The study presents contemporary examples from original sources on the national, regional and local level and one secondary source. With a qualitative approach, the study investigates the social impacts of sudden extreme weather and following harvest failure and assess signs of a possible subsistence crisis on regional and local level in the years of 1867-68. The empirics are analyzed trough demographic methodology often used to evaluate ”famine-like” situations, theories on famine and its causes and the three concepts: vulnerability, resilience and exchange entitlement. The result of the study shows a subsistence crisis in Gävleborg county and Hanebo Parish, in the years of 1867-68. These indications included poor harvest, demographic impact on parochial level and visible mitigating strategies for coping with the situation. Social hierarchies which are making impact on attitudes within the contemporary context of crisis are also discovered in the empiric material. The study also shows that state incentives and publically organised incentives can mitigate disaster both over short and long term.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 67 p.
Keyword [en]
Extreme weather, crop failure, poor harvest, agriculture, nineteen century Sweden, subsistence crisis, famine, resilience, exchange entitlements, Gävleborgs County, Hälsingland, Hanebo Parish
National Category
History Economic History
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294956OAI: diva2:932907
Educational program
Master Programme in Global Environmental History
Available from: 2016-06-02 Created: 2016-05-31 Last updated: 2016-06-02Bibliographically approved

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Department of Archaeology and Ancient History
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